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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of study sample by method of sterilization (N = 710)

From: The effect of obesity on intraoperative complication rates with hysteroscopic compared to laparoscopic sterilization: a retrospective cohort study

  Total (n = 710) Laparoscopic (n = 433) Hysteroscopic (n = 277) P value
Age
 Mean (SD) 33.7 (6.3) 33.6 (6.2) 33.9 (6.5) 0.6
Race/ethnicity
 Hispanic/Latina 201 (30.0) 121 (29.7) 80 (30.4) 0.5
 White 362 (54.0) 224 (54.9) 138 (52.5)  
 Black 47 (7.0) 23 (5.6) 24 (9.1)  
 Asian 13 (1.9) 9 (2.2) 4 (1.5)  
 Other 48 (7.2) 31 (7.6) 17 (6.5)  
Gravidity
 Median (Range) 3 (0–11) 3 (0–11) 3 (0–11) 0.7
Parity
 Median (Range) 2 (0–8) 2 (0–8) 2 (0–6) 0.2
Insurance
 Medicaid 315 (49.7) 179 (46.3) 136 (55.1) 0.09
 Private 298 (47.0) 195 (50.4) 103 (41.7)  
 Self-pay 21 (3.3) 13 (3.4) 8 (3.2)  
BMI
 Mean (SD) 28.5 (6.8) 27.9 (6.1) 29.6 (7.6) 0.002
BMI class
 <25 247 (35.5) 160 (37.5) 87 (32.3) 0.04
 25–29.9 215 (30.9) 133 (31.2) 82 (30.5)  
 30–34.9 124 (17.8) 79 (18.5) 45 (16.7)  
 35–39.9 68 (9.8) 38 (8.9) 30 (11.2)  
 ≥40 42 (6.0) 17 (4.0) 25 (9.3)  
Any comorbidities
 Yes 326 (45.9) 193 (44.6) 133 (48.0) 0.4
 No 384 (54.1) 240 (55.4) 144 (52.0)  
Any abdominal surgery
 Yes 288 (40.6) 179 (41.3) 109 (39.4) 0.6
 No 422 (59.4) 254 (58.7) 168 (60.7)  
Abdominal surgeries
 Cesarean section 206 (29.0) 127 (29.3) 79 (28.5) 0.9
 Appendectomy 43 (6.1) 24 (5.5) 19 (6.9) 0.5
 Cholecystectomy 66 (9.3) 40 (9.2) 26 (9.4) 1.0
 Umbilical hernia repair 12 (1.7) 4 (0.9) 8 (2.9) 0.07
 Gastric bypass 13 (1.8) 6 (1.4) 7 (2.5) 0.4
 Other laparoscopy/laparotomy 59 (8.3) 39 (9.0) 20 (7.2) 0.5
  1. Mean (SD) or number (%). Numbers may not sum to total due to missing data: race/ethnicity (n = 39, 5.5 %), number of cesarean sections (n = 39, 5.5 %), gravidity (n = 18, 2.5 %), parity (n = 10, 1.4 %), insurance (n = 76, 10.7 %), and body mass index -BMI (n = 14, 2.0 %)