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Table 6 Percentage of KAP GAP according to different characteristics

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice GAP in family planning usage: an analysis of selected cities of Uttar Pradesh

Background characteristics Agra Aligarh Allahabad Gorakhpur Moradabad Varanasi
Total 28.9 30.4 24.5 28.2 20.7 34.0
Age group
 15–19 47.5 54.5 28.4 54.3 51.9 50.2
 20–24 35.5 44.4 37.6 33.2 34.4 44.3
 25–29 20.5 29.6 26.6 31.4 19.7 31.5
 30–34 27.1 25.7 21.2 17.7 10.5 26.7
 35–49 31.8 25.8 18.7 29.2 22.7 35.5
  (χ2 = 44.37, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 35.83, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 42.42, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 31.10, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 39.92, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 28.49, p = 0.000)
Educational status
 No education 39.7 41.3 49.4 36.9 29.6 45.6
 Primary education 34.3 30.6 20.6 23.8 21.9 36.1
 Secondary education 23.6 26.6 19.6 21.2 16.9 33.5
 Higher education 18.1 14.5 15.5 24.6 13.6 18.3
  (χ2 = 63.51, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 100.10, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 107.74, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 17.45, p = 0.001) (χ2 = 43.01, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 60.30, p = 0.000)
Place of residence
 Non-slum 27.6 29.4 23.3 27.5 19.3 32.6
 Slum 33.1 32.3 34.9 35.2 30.2 37.5
  (χ2 = 6.35, p = 0.007) (χ2 = 0.70, p = 0.223) (χ2 = 12.06, p = 0.001) (χ2 = 3.64, p = 0.037) (χ2 = 7.34, p = 0.006) (χ2 = 3.88, p = 0.028)
No of living children
 No child 58.6 54.9 45.9 83 66.3 57.2
 One child 29.4 32.7 23.1 23.7 22.1 35.6
 Two children 24.1 21.4 16.6 24 17.9 25.5
 Three children 27.5 27.2 26.3 22.5 15.6 31.9
 Four & more than 4 children 33 34.7 37.7 36.8 22.6 40.8
  (χ2 = 19.02, p = 0.001) (χ2 = 26.39, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 52.31, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 56.21, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 49.73, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 48.38, p = 0.000)
Religion
 Non muslim 28.1 26.1 22.1 27.3 20.2 29.7
 Muslim 33.6 37.5 33.4 31.6 21.4 45.8
  (χ2 = 4.06, p = 0.044) (χ2 = 11.54, p = 0.001) (χ2 = 18.84, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 0.25, p = 0.613) (χ2 = 1.03, p = 0.308) (χ2 = 26.11, p = 0.000)
Caste
 Sc/St 32.6 31.9 35.5 31.9 25 42.2
 OBC 32.7 35.7 24.3 31.1 22.3 35.8
 Others 22.8 23.9 21.4 24 17.4 28.2
  (χ2 = 16.95, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 15.38, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 22.86, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 11.91, p = 0.003) (χ2 = 8.29, p = 0.016) (χ2 = 11.42, p = 0.003)
Wealth index
 Poor 35.9 43.5 38.4 34.1 29.2 42.1
 Medium 32.7 27.6 27 27.8 23.2 36.6
 Rich 21.4 20.3 16.6 24.1 13.4 26
  (χ2 = 29.16, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 63.13, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 69.96, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 38.61, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 51.16, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 42.91, p = 0.000)
Media exposure
 No exposure 39.8 42.7 33.7 37 29.1 44.6
 Exposure to at least one form of media 25.4 22.1 21.8 25.8 17 31.1
  (χ2 = 29.32, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 74.44, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 28.72, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 37.59, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 21.78, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 32.02, p = 0.000)
Husband education
 Not educated 41.7 42.8 45.5 36.8 29.4 43.1
 Educated 26.1 27 22.7 27.3 18.5 31.8
  (χ2 = 26.26, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 21.98, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 52.58, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 17.48, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 26.35, p = 0.000) (χ2 = 19.30, p = 0.000)