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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate analyses of factors associated with contraceptive utilization among women of reproductive age group in SNNPR, Ethiopia, 2015

From: Contraceptive utilization and associated factors among women of reproductive age group in Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region, Ethiopia: cross-sectional survey, mixed-methods

Variables Contraceptive utilization COR (95.0% CI) AOR (95.0% CI)
No Yes
Residence of the respondents
 Agrarian 205 247 1  
 Urban 1226 1451 1.02 [0.83–1.24]  
 Pastoralist 66 10 0.13 [0.07–0.25] 0.33 [0.14–0.84]
Educational status
 No formal education 553 825 1  
 Primary school 571 609 0.71 [0.61–0.84]  
 High school 281 175 0.42 [0.34–0.52]  
 Certificate and above 92 99 0.72 [0.53–0.98]  
Age of the respondents
 15–19 years 563 95 1  
 20–24 years 198 334 9.99 [7.56–13.22]  
 25–29 years 219 529 14.32 [10.95–18.72]  
 30–34 years 160 348 12.89 [9.67–17.17]  
 35–39 years 147 243 9.79 [7.27–13.21] 0.52 [0.31–0.89]
 40–44 years 72 58 4.77 [3.17–7.18] 0.29 [0.15–0.54]
 45–49 years 17 8 2.78 [1.17–6.64] 0.29 [0.09–0.86]
 I don’t know 121 93 4.56 [3.22–6.44] 0.52 [0.29–0.94]
Religion
 Orthodox 437 593 1 1
 Protestant 817 851 0.77 [0.66–0.89]  
 Catholic 56 31 0.41 [0.26–0.64] 0.37 [0.21–0.66]
 Muslim 160 212 0.97 [0.77–1.24]  
 Other 3 5 1.23 [0.29–5.17]  
 Pagan 24 16 0.49 [0.26–0.94]  
Occupation
 House Wife 1810 56.5 1  
 Employee 188 5.9 0.53 [0.39–0.72]  
 Farmer/agrarian/pastoralist 329 10.3 0.33 [0.26–0.42]  
 Merchant/daily laborer/ 310 9.7 0.65 [0.51–0.83]  
 Unemployed 87 2.7 0.14 [0.08–0.24]  
 Student 481 15.0 0.05 [0.04–0.07]  
Marital status
 Married and live together 741 1635 1 1
 Single 654 25 0.02 [0.01–0.03] 0.05 [0.03–0.09]
 Divorced/widowed/separated 102 48 0.21 [0.15–0.30] 0.24 [0.16–0.37]
Number of alive children
 No child 739 97 1  
 1–2 248 594 18.25 [14.09–23.63] 3.07 [2.06–4.58]
 3–4 228 523 17.48 [13.44–22.73] 3.74 [2.41–5.82]
 5+ 282 494 13.35 [10.32–17.26] 4.67 [2.91–7.49]
Child death experience of woman
 No 1303 1464 1  
 Yes 194 244 1.12 [0.91–1.37] 0.62 [0.48–0.81]
Overall knowledge on FP
 Poor knowledge 515 24 1  
 Good knowledge 982 1684 36.79 [24.26–55.83] 15.51 [9.75–24.68]
Attitude towards contraceptive
 Negative attitude 775 284 1  
 Positive attitude 722 1424 5.38 [4.57–6.33] 1.97 [1.57–2.47]
Decided number of children
 No 882 629 1  
 Yes 615 1079 2.46 [2.13–2.84] 1.58 [1.29–1.93]