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Table 4 Contraceptive Methods: Typically Used, Preferred, and Preferred if Freely Provided

From: Pregnant or recently pregnant opioid users: contraception decisions, perceptions and preferences

  Lifetime Use n (%) Preferred Methoda n (%) Preferred Method if Freely Provideda n
Contraceptive Methodb (a42) (n = 35) (%) (n = 37)
None     
  None 1 (2.4%) 1 (2.7%)
Tier 1 (Very Effective)    
  IUD 5 (11.9%) 6 (17.1%) 6 (16.2%)
  Implant 2 (4.8%) 1 (2.9%) 7 (18.9%)
  Tubal Ligation 1 (2.9%) 1 (2.7%)
Tier 2 (Effective)    
  Oral Contraception 25 (59.5%) 5 (14.3%) 6 (16.2%)
  Nuvaring 3 (7.1%) 1 (2.7%)
  Injection 17 (40.5%) 14 (40.0%) 15 (40.5%)
  Hormonal Patch 5 (11.9%)
Tier 3 (Moderately Effective)    
  Male Condom 29 (69.0%) 1 (2.9%) 1 (2.7%)
  Diaphragm 1 (2.4%)   
Tier 4 Less Effective    
  Spermicide 2 (4.8%) 1 (2.9%)
Other    
  Unsure 2 (4.5%)
  Plan B 5 (11.9%) 1 (2.9%)
Missing   7 (20.0%) 4 (11.0%)
  1. aPercentages may total greater than 100% as some participants provided more than preferred or preferred if freely available contraception method
  2. bTier rating based on World Health Organization’s (WHO) four-tiered rating of contraceptive effectiveness