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Table 1 Bivariate association between contraceptive use and various background characteristics

From: Factors associated with contraceptive use among young women in Malawi: analysis of the 2015–16 Malawi demographic and health survey data

Characteristics   Contraceptive utilization  
Total Non-users Users p-value
n % n % n %
Age (years) < 0.001*
 15–19 5263 50.5 4452 61.8 811 25.2  
 20–24 5159 49.5 2751 38.2 2408 74.8  
Residence < 0.001*
 Rural 8530 81.8 5833 81.0 2697 83.8  
 Urban 1892 18.2 1370 19.0 522 16.2  
Region 0.236**
 Northern 1159 11.1 818 11.4 341 10.6  
 Central 4536 43.5 3099 43.0 1437 44.7  
 Southern 4726 45.4 3286 45.6 1440 44.7  
Marital Status < 0.001*
 Never married 4828 46.3 4394 61.0 434 13.5  
 Currently married 4888 46.9 2387 33.1 2501 77.7  
 Formerly married 707 6.8 423 5.9 284 8.8  
Religion < 0.001*
 Catholic 1925 18.5 1336 18.5 589 18.3  
 Other Christians 7131 68.4 4855 67.4 2276 70.7  
 Muslim 1341 12.9 1000 13.9 341 10.6  
 No religion 24 0.2 12 0.2 12 0.4  
Wealth < 0.001*
 Poor 4200 40.3 2660 36.9 1540 47.9  
 Medium 1944 18.7 1339 18.6 605 18.8  
 Rich 4276 41.0 3203 44.5 1073 33.3  
Education < 0.001*
 None 455 4.4 298 4.1 157 4.9  
 Primary school 6739 64.7 4507 62.6 2232 69.4  
 Secondary school or above 3227 31.0 2398 33.3 829 25.8  
Work status < 0.001*
 Working 5145 49.4 3176 44.1 1969 61.2  
 Not working 5277 50.6 4027 55.9 1250 38.8  
 Rich        
Visited health facility < 0.001*
 Yes 5650 54.2 3328 46.2 2322 72.1  
 No 4772 45.8 3875 53.8 897 27.9  
Knowledge of ovulatory cycle < 0.001*
 Yes 8619 82.7 5654 78.5 2965 92.1  
 No 1803 17.3 1549 21.5 254 7.9  
  1. *Significant (P < 0.05); **Non-significant (P > 0.05)