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Table 2 Logistic regression of correlates of contraceptive use by young women in Malawi

From: Factors associated with contraceptive use among young women in Malawi: analysis of the 2015–16 Malawi demographic and health survey data

Characteristics COR 95%CI P-value AOR 95%CI P-value
Age (years)
 15–19 Ref.    Ref.   
 20–24 4.81 4.38–5.27 < 0.001* 1.93 1.73–2.16 < 0.001*
Residence
 Urban Ref.    Ref.   
 Rural 1.21 1.09–1.36 < 0.001* 0.76 0.65–0.88 < 0.001*
Region
 Northern Ref.    Ref.   
 Central 1.11 0.97–1.28 0.141** 1.22 1.03–1.43 0.020*
 Southern 1.05 0.91–1.21 0.496** 1.29 1.09–1.51 0.003*
Marital Status
 Never married Ref.    Ref.   
 Currently married 10.62 9.48–11.89 < 0.001* 6.26 5.46–7.18 < 0.001*
 Formerly married 6.81 5.69–8.15 < 0.001* 3.94 3.23–4.81 < 0.001*
Religion
 Catholic Ref.    Ref.   
 Other Christians 1.06 0.95–1.19 0.27** 0.87 0.77–0.99 0.034*
 Muslim 0.77 0.66–0.91 < 0.001* 0.51 0.43–0.61 < 0.001*
 No religion 2.40 1.07–5.37 0.033* 1.66 0.64–4.30 0.278**
Wealth
 Poor Ref.    Ref.   
 Medium 0.78 0.70–0.88 < 0.001* 0.99 0.87–1.13 0.930**
 Rich 0.58 0.53–0.64 < 0.001* 0.93 0.82–1.06 0.278**
Education
 None Ref.    Ref.   
 Primary school 0.94 0.77–1.15 0.542** 1.47 1.18–1.83 < 0.001*
 Secondary school or above 0.66 0.53–0.81 < 0.001* 1.24 0.97–1.57 0.083**
Work status
 Not working Ref.    Ref.   
 Working 2.00 1.84–2.17 < 0.001* 1.26 1.14–1.39 < 0.001*
Visited health facility
 No Ref.    Ref.   
 Yes 3.02 2.76–3.30 < 0.001* 1.61 1.45–1.79 < 0.001*
Knowledge of ovulatory cycle
 No Ref.    Ref.   
 Yes 3.20 2.78–3.68 < 0.001* 1.75 1.50–2.05 < 0.001*
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, COR crude odds ratio, Ref reference category
  2. *Significant (P < 0.05); **Non-significant (P > 0.05)