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Table 3 Association between postpartum contraceptive use and socio-demographic characteristics of respondents

From: Postpartum fertility behaviours and contraceptive use among women in rural Ghana

Variable Yes No χ2 p-value
N=505 N=498   
n (%) n (%)   
Age
 15–19 14(42.4) 19(57.6)   
 20–34 343(46.3) 398(53.7)   
 35–39 87(65.9) 45(34.1)   
 40+ 61(62.9) 36(37.1) 24.60 < 0.001
Educational level
 None 36(43.4) 47(56.6)   
 Primary 102(47.7) 112(52.3)   
 Middle/Junior secondary School/Junior high school 306(56.4) 237(43.7)   
 Secondary/Senior secondary school/Senior high School 44(37.0) 75(63.0)   
 Tertiary 17(38.6) 27(61.4) 21.00 < 0.001
Ethnicity
 Fante 452(50.8) 438(49.2)   
 Efutu 3(16.7) 15(83.3)   
 Other Akan 22(47.8) 24(52.2)   
 Ewe 13(61.9) 8(38.1)   
 Hausa 11(50.0) 11(50)   
 Other 4(66.7) 2(33.3) 10.11 0.061
Religion
 Christian 459(50.7) 447(49.3)   
 Muslim 39(51.3) 37(48.7)   
 Other 7(33.3) 14(66.7) 2.50 0.287
Occupation
 Fishmonger 36(52.2) 33(47.8)   
 Farmer 7(21.2) 26(78.8)   
 Petty Trader 307(59.6) 208(40.4)   
 Civil/Public Servant 40(36.0) 71(64.0)   
 Student 18(56.3) 14(43.8)   
 Other 97(39.9) 146(60.1) 49.09 < 0.001
Area of residence
 Saltpond 157(49.7) 159(50.3)   
 Biriwa 60(44.4) 75(55.6)   
 Anomabo 130(72.6) 49(27.4)   
 Mankessim 107(41.3) 152(58.7)   
 Other 51(44.7) 63(55.3) 47.37 < 0.001
Marital Status
 Married through church/mosque/court wedding 129(60.6) 84(39.4)   
 Married only by traditional rite 218(50.2) 216(49.8)   
 Engaged, yet to be married 94(39.2) 146(60.8)   
 Co-habitation (living together) 46(63.0) 27(37.0)   
 Divorced/Separated/Widow/Single 18(41.9) 25(58.1) 26.82 < 0.001