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Table 4 Association between postpartum contraceptive use and reproductive characteristics

From: Postpartum fertility behaviours and contraceptive use among women in rural Ghana

Variable Yes No χ2 p-value
  N = 505 N = 498   
  n (%) n (%)   
Outcome of last pregnancy
 Live term baby 498(50.6) 487(49.4)   
 Stillbirth/Miscarriage 7(38.9) 11(61.1) 0.96 0.326
Place of delivery
 Home 18(54.6) 15(45.5)   
 Public hospital/Private hospital/Maternity home 487(50.2) 483(49.8) 0.24 0.624
Mode of delivery
 SVD 455(53.1) 402(46.9)   
 Assisted vaginal delivery 11(13.1) 73(86.9)   
 Caesarean section 39(62.9) 23(37.1) 53.12 < 0.001
Delivery complications
 Yes 116(65.9) 60(34.1)   
 No 388(47.00) 437(53.0) 20.68 < 0.001
Resumed sexual relationship since last birth
 Yes 471(53.6) 408(46.4)   
 No 34(27.4) 90(72.6) 29.76 < 0.001
Ever breastfed after delivery
 Yes 363(46.5) 418(53.5)   
 No 142(64.0) 80(36.0) 21.14 < 0.001
Return of menses since last birth (amenorrhoea)?
 Yes 466(52.4) 424(47.6)   
 No 39(34.5) 74(65.5) 12.77 < 0.001
  n (Arithmetic mean) n (Arithmetic mean)   
Date of delivery in monthsa 493(15.7) 490(17.5)   < 0.001
How many Months after birth did you not have your period was not had?a 482(8.0) 480(7.6)   0.080
Number of children ever born/Parity of the last birtha 505(3.4) 498(2.0)   < 0.001
Preferred number of childrena 388(3.7) 355(3.2)   < 0.001
  1. aUnpaired t-test was used to determine association
  2. Source: Field data (2014