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Table 5 Predictors of contraceptive use among postpartum women attending antenatal clinic at Mfantseman Municipal

From: Postpartum fertility behaviours and contraceptive use among women in rural Ghana

  Univariate Model Multivariate Model
Variable OR (95% CI) p-value aOR (95% CI) p-value
Age
 15–19 1   1  
 20–34 1.16(0.58–2.37) 0.663 0.47(0.14–1.57) 0.221
 35–39 2.62(1.20–5.72) 0.015 0.48(0.12–1.89) 0.292
 40+ 2.30(1.03–5.13) 0.042 0.47(0.11–2.02) 0.308
Educational level
 None 1   1  
 Primary 1.19(0.71–1.98) 0.506 1.86(0.73–4.75) 0.192
 Middle/Junior secondary school/Junior high school 1.69(1.06–2.69) 0.028 2.00(0.85–4.71) 0.115
 Secondary/Senior secondary school/Senior high school 0.77(0.43–1.35) 0.361 2.22(0.80–6.16) 0.126
 Tertiary 0.82(0.39–1.73) 0.607 1.84(0.39–8.62) 0.441
Occupation
 Fishmonger 1   1  
 Farmer 0.23(0.09–0.64) 0.004 0.20(0.03–1.28) 0.090
 Petty Trader 1.35(0.82–2.24) 0.240 2.23(0.96–5.16) 0.061
 Civil/Public Servant 0.52(0.28–0.95) 0.034 1.94(0.57–6.62) 0.288
 Student 1.18(0.51–2.74) 0.703 5.00(1.12–22.40) 0.035
 Other 0.61(0.36–1.04) 0.071 1.46(0.60–3.53) 0.405
Area of residence
 Saltpond 1   1  
 Biriwa 0.81(0.54–1.21) 0.308 2.03(0.90–4.57) 0.089
 Anomabo 2.69(1.80–3.99) < 0.001 1.86(0.98–3.52) 0.059
 Mankessim 0.71(0.51–0.99) 0.045 0.58(0.34–0.99) 0.049
 Other 0.81(0.53–1.26) 0.365 0.84(0.44–1.60) 0.601
Marital Status
 Married through Church/Mosque/Court wedding 1   1  
 Married only by traditional rites 0.66(0.47–0.92) 0.013 1.16(0.68–2.01) 0.581
 Engaged, yet to marry 0.42(0.29–0.61) < 0.001 1.23(0.64–2.41) 0.532
 Co-habitation 1.11(0.64–1.92) 0.711 1.47(0.64–3.39) 0.370
 Divorced/Separated/Widowed/Single 0.47(0.24–0.91) 0.026 0.27(0.07–1.10) 0.068
Mode of delivery
 Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery 1   1  
 Assisted vaginal delivery 0.13(0.07–0.25) < 0.001 0.20(0.06–0.70) 0.012
 Caesarean section 1.50(0.88–2.55) 0.137 5.12(2.24–11.68) < 0.001
Any delivery complications
 Yes 1   1  
 No 0.46(0.33–0.65) < 0.001 2.14(0.92–4.94) 0.076
Resumed sexual relationship since birth
 Yes 1   1  
 No 0.33(0.22–0.50) < 0.001 0.89(0.41–1.98) 0.784
Ever breastfed after delivery
 Yes 1   1  
 No 2.04(1.50–2.780) < 0.001 2.16(1.11–4.21) 0.024
Return of menses since your last birth
 Yes 1   1  
 No 0.48(0.32–0.72) < 0.001 1.65(0.81–3.38) 0.168
Date of delivery in months 0.90(0.88–0.93) < 0.001 0.89(0.84–0.95) < 0.001
Preferred number of children 2.16(1.78–2.63) < 0.001 3.95(2.77–5.62) < 0.001
Number of children ever born/Parity of the last child 1.90(1.71–2.10) < 0.001 2.26(1.83–2.78) < 0.001
  1. Source: Field data (2014)