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Table 1 CU prevalence and bivariate analysis between CU and individual- and cluster-level factors

From: An application of mixed-effect models to analyse contraceptive use in Malawian women

Characteristic n % CU p OR CRI
Overall 24,562 45.57    
Region    <  0.001   
 Northern 4803 45.14   1  
 Central 8417 47.15   1.085 (1.014, 1.167)
 Southern 11,342 44.59   0.908 (0.908, 1.050)
Place-of-residence    < 0.001   
 Urban 5247 43.49   1  
 Rural 19,315 46.14   1.114 (1.048, 1.184)
Age(years)    < 0.001   
 15–24 10,367 30.74   1  
 25–34 7624 58.12   3.126 (2.939, 3.333)
 35+ 6571 54.42   2.690 (2.531, 2.886)
Parity    < 0.001   
 No child 5782 6.30   1  
 Children(1–3) 11,307 55.02   18.247 (16.200, 20.430)
 Children(4+) 7473 61.68   23.975 (21.242, 26.924)
Education    < 0.001   
 No education 2779 47.46   1  
 Primary 15,028 47.56   1.003 (0.925,1.091)
 Secondary 6061 40.52   0.753 (0.688,0.825)
 Tertiary 694 39.05   0.707 (0.598,0.848)
Occupation    < 0.001   
 Not working 8422 34.27   1  
 Manual work 4037 52.02   2.080 (1.928, 2.241)
 Agriculture 9374 50.78   1.983 (1.876, 2.099)
 Business 1135 56.39   2.481 (2.182, 2.808)
 Office 1594 50.69   1.979 (1.773, 2.232)
Marital-Status    <  0.001   
 Never married 5326 9.99   1  
 Divorced/widowed 1979 36.43   5.165 (4518, 5.847)
 Separation 1305 38.85   5.726 (4.953, 6.586)
 Married 15,952 59.14   13.066 (11.870,14.454)
Religion    < 0.001   
 Christians 21,685 46.61   1  
 Muslim 2726 37.42   0.685 (0.631, 0.742)
 No religion 113 45.13   0.946 (0.661, 1.359)
 Others 38 42.11   0.825 (0.426, 1.619)