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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of women in union in Papua New Guinea and modern contraceptives usage (N = 2345)

From: Modern contraceptive utilization and associated factors among married and cohabiting women in Papua New Guinea: a population-based cross-sectional study

Variable Weighted
N
Weighted
%
Modern Contraceptive use
No
n(%)
Yes
n(%)
Age
 15–19 50 2.1 8 (16) 42 (84.0)
 20–24 387 16.5 66 (17.1) 321 (83.0)
 25–29 581 24.8 107 (18.4) 474 (81.6)
 30–34 549 23.4 146 (26.6) 403 (73.4)
 35–39 404 17.2 119 (29.5) 285 (70.5)
 40–44 249 10.6 93 (37.4) 156 (62.7)
 45–49 125 5.3 62 (49.6) 63 (50.4)
Respondent’s occupation
 Not working 1398 59.6 375 (26.8) 1023 (73.2)
 Professional /technical/managerial 158 6.7 64 (40.5) 94 (59.5)
 Clerical 57 2.4 13 (22.8) 44 (77.2)
 Sales 128 5.5 30 (23.4) 98 (76.6)
 Agricultural- self employed 317 13.5 58 (18.3) 259 (81.7)
 Agricultural – employee 42 1.8 12 (28.6) 30 (71.4)
 Services 227 9.7 46 (20.3) 181 (79.7)
 Skilled manual 18 0.8 3 (16.7) 15 (83.3)
Residence
 Urban 640 27.3 148 (23.1) 492 (76.9)
 Rural 1705 72.7 453 (26.6) 1252 (73.4)
Region
 Southern region 751 32.0 149 (19.8) 602 (80.2)
 Highlands region 462 19.7 64 (13.9) 398 (86.2)
 Momase region 548 23.4 120 (21.9) 428 (78.1)
 Islands region 584 24.9 268 (45.9) 316 (54.1)
Current marital status
 Married 2015 85.9 515 (25.6) 1500 (74.4)
 Living with partner 330 14.1 86 (26.1) 244 (73.9)
Highest educational level
 No education 389 16.6 99 (25.5) 290 (74.6)
 Primary 1141 48.7 282 (24.7) 859 (75.3)
 Secondary 698 29.8 175 (25.1) 523 (74.9)
 Higher 117 5.0 45 (38.5) 72 (61.5)
Husband/partner’s education level
 No education 260 11.1 48 (18.5) 212 (81.5)
 Primary 1037 44.2 292 (28.2) 745 (71.8)
 Secondary 820 35.0 186 (22.7) 634 (77.3)
 Higher 228 9.7 75 (32.9) 153 (67.1)
Wealth index
 Poorest 268 11.4 74 (27.6) 194 (72.4)
 Poorer 335 14.3 73 (21.8) 262 (78.2)
 Middle 436 18.6 124 (28.4) 312 (71.6)
 Richer 637 27.2 158 (24.8) 479 (75.2)
 Richest 669 28.5 172 (25.7) 497 (74.3)
Age at first sex
  < 18 yrs 815 34.8 192 (23.6) 623 (76.4)
 18–24 1364 58.2 347 (25.4) 1017 (74.6)
 25+ 166 7.1 62 (37.4) 104 (62.6)
Age at first childbirth
  < 18 419 17.9 91 (21.7) 328 (78.3)
 18–24 1539 65.6 376 (24.4) 1163 (75.6)
 25+ 387 16.5 134 (34.6) 253 (65.4)
Total children ever born
 1–2 925 39.5 218 (23.6) 707 (76.4)
 3–4 851 36.3 200 (23.5) 651 (76.5)
 5+ 569 24.3 183 (32.2) 386 (67.8)
Number of living children
 No child 13 0.6 6 (46.2) 7 (53.8)
 1–2 962 41.0 226 (23.5) 736 (76.5)
 3–4 857 36.6 206 (24) 651 (76)
 5+ 513 21.9 163 (31.8) 350 (68.2)
Husband’s desire for children
 Both want same 1104 47.1 316 (28.6) 788 (71.4)
 Husband wants more 424 18.1 96 (22.6) 328 (77.4)
 Husband wants fewer 80 3.4 16 (20) 64 (80)
 Don’t know 737 31.4 173 (23.5) 564 (76.5)
Frequency of reading newspaper or magazine
 Not at all 1340 57.1 352 (26.3) 988 (73.7)
 Less than once a week 551 23.5 137 (24.9) 414 (75.1)
 At least once a week 454 19.4 112 (24.7) 342 (75.3)
Frequency of listening to radio
 Not at all 1421 60.6 398 (28) 1023 (72)
 Less than once a week 471 20.1 105 (22.3) 366 (77.7)
 At least once a week 453 19.3 98 (21.6) 355 (78.4)
Frequency of watching television
 Not at all 1721 73.4 457 (26.6) 1264 (73.4)
 Less than once a week 255 10.9 63 (24.7) 192 (75.3)
 At least once a week 369 15.7 81 (22) 288 (78)
Decision maker on contraception
 Mainly respondent 659 28.1 146 (22.2) 513 (77.8)
 Mainly husband, partner 294 12.5 83 (28.2) 211 (71.8)
 Joint decision 1367 58.3 365 (26.7) 1002 (73.3)
 Other 25 1.2 7 (28) 18 (72)
  1. Source: 2016–18 PNG DHS