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Table 4 Factors associated with contraception discontinuation among episodes of contraceptive use beginning within the 5 years before the 2015–16 MDHS among women age 15–49

From: Factors that affect the discontinuation of family planning methods in Myanmar: analysis of the 2015–16 Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey

Characteristics Contraceptive Discontinuation
%
Crude ORa [95% CI] aORb [95% CI]
Age group (n=4,982)
 15-19 23.4 Ref Ref
 20-24 26.33 1.16 [.77-1.76] 1.16 [0.76-1.79]
 25-29 24.45 1.05 [.69-1.59] 1.04 [0.68-1.59]
 30-34 24.0 1.03 [.67-1.56] 0.97 [0.63-1.49]
 35-39 24.1 1.03 [.63-1.70] 0.94 [0.57-1.54]
 40-44 31.3 1.48 [.93-2.36] 1.29 [0.82-2.05]
 45-49 5.2 3.5* [1.59-7.75] 2.68* [1.31-5.46]
Marital status (n=5,884)
 Married 25.1 Ref  
 Never married/widowed/divorced/separated 95.0 5.47* [3.52-8.49]  
Education level (n=5,884)
 No formal education 25.5 Ref  
 Primary 25.2 0.98 [0.72-1.35]  
 Secondary 28.0 1.14 [0.77-1.68]  
 Higher 25.8 1.02 [0.64-1.61]  
Occupation (n=4,971)
 Not working/dependent 22.3 Ref  
 Professional/technical/managerial 37.5 2.09* [1.01-4.33]  
 Clerical/sales/services 28.6 1.39* [1.02-1.91]  
 Agricultural 27.0 1.29 [0.78-2.14]  
 Manual worker 26.7 1.27 [1.02-1.58]  
Wealth index (n=4,982)
 Poorest 23.0 Ref Ref
 Poorer 25.1 1.12 [0.84-1.48] 1.13 [0.84-1.52]
 Middle 30.0 1.43 [0.96-2.13] 1.42* [1.02-2.00]
 Richer 24.0 1.05 [0.77-1.44] 1.19 [0.86-1.63]
 Richest 29.7 1.41* [1.02-1.97] 1.66* [1.18-2.34]
Residence
 Urban 26.5 Ref  
 Rural 26.1 0.98 [0.74-1.29]  
Region (n=5,884)
 Yangon 16.4 Ref Ref
 Kachin 21.8 1.41 [0.85-2.36] 1.62* [1.98-2.67]
 Kayah 23.5 1.56* [1.05-2.33] 1.79* [1.19-2.68]
 Kayin 37.6 3.07* [1.96-4.81] 3.53* [2.29-5.44]
 Chin 28.8 2.05* [1.21-3.48] 2.12* [1.25-3.59]
 Sagaing 26.8 1.86* [1.23-2.80] 2.06* [1.38-3.10]
 Tanintharyi 56.4 6.58* [3.93-11.02] 7.87* [4.61-13.44]
 Bago 15.5 0.93 [0.64-1.36] 1.08 [0.74-1.58]
 Magway 36.4 2.90* [1.52-5.55] 3.27* [1.81-5.93]
 Mandalay 23.7 1.58 [0.98-2.55] 1.80* [1.11-2.93]
 Mon 42.3 2.72* [2.35-5.90] 4.03* [2.54-6.41]
 Rakhine 34.2 2.64* [1.69-4.12] 3.19* [2.03-5.02]
 Shan 32.2 2.42* [1.44-4.06] 2.52* [1.49-4.27]
 Ayeyarwaddy 17.5 1.08 [0.72-1.61] 1.35 [0.89-2.02]
 Nay Pyi Taw 23.1 1.53* [1.03-2.26] 1.76* [1.17-2.63]
Number of births in last 5 years (n=4,982)
 No births 30.3 Ref Ref
 1 23.1 0.69* [0.54-0.89] 0.78* [0.62-0.98]
 2 28.5 0.92 [0.66-1.29] 1.01 [0.73-1.40]
 3 37.6 1.38 [0.85-2.26] 1.66 [0.98-2.82]
Number of living children (n=4,982)
 0 27.7 Ref  
 1 27.2 0.97 [0.73-1.29]  
 2 23.5 0.80 [0.57-1.14]  
 3 23.0 0.78 [0.55-1.11]  
 4+ 31.4 1.19 [0.83-1.72]  
Knowledge on family planning
 Poor 25.8 Ref  
 Good 26.4 1.03 [0.84-1.26]  
Exposure to FP message/source of information (n=4,982)
 No exposure 26.5 Ref  
 Exposure from any source 25.9 0.97 [0.80-1.17]  
Decision making for contraceptive use (n=3,494)
 Mainly women 18.0 Ref  
 Mainly husband 12.1 0.62 [0.19-2.01]  
 Jointly 14.6 0.78 [0.54-1.11]  
Informed choice
 No 15.6 Ref  
 Yes 15.9 1.02 [0.74-1.40]  
By methods(n=1,458)
 LARC 2.0 Ref  
 Pills 31.0 22.40* [5.24-95.4]  
 Injection 27.3 18.74* [4.43-79.18]  
 Other modern methods including condom 14.1 8.17* [1.70-39.13]  
 Traditional method 12.6 7.17* [1.30-39.47]  
  1. *p<0.05
  2. acrude odds ratios from binomial logistic regression
  3. badjusted odds ratio from multivariate logistic regression