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Table 1 Distribution of modern contraceptive use across individual andcommunity-level factors among AGYW in Mali (Weighted)

From: Individual and community-level factors associated with modern contraceptive use among adolescent girls and young women in Mali: a mixed effects multilevel analysis of the 2018 Mali demographic and health survey

Variables Frequency Percentage Modern contraceptive use X2 (p-value)
Age     9.4 (p < 0.05)
 15–19 1077 40.8 13.3  
 20–24 1562 59.2 19.7  
Marital status     67.8 (p < 0.001)
 Never married 456 17.3 26.4  
 Married 2090 79.2 14.5  
 Cohabiting 48 1.8 33.2  
 Widowed/divorced 45 1.7 27.8  
Religion     1.7 (p = 0.419)
 Islam 2439 92.5 17.2  
 Other 200 7.5 15.4  
Educational level     142.3 (p < 0.001)
 No education 1394 52.8 11.9  
 Primary 450 17.1 11.5  
 Secondary/higher 794 30.1 29.4  
Employment status     7.4 (p < 0.05)
 Not working 1300 49.3 16.8  
 Working 1339 50.7 17.3  
Wealth quintile     90.2 (p < 0.001)
 Poorest 361 13.7 10.1  
 Poorer 487 18.5 9.5  
 Middle 559 21.2 14.1  
 Richer 582 22.1 21.9  
 Richest 650 24.6 25.0  
Age at first sex     0.3 (p = 0.612)
 Less than 20 years 2514 95.3 17.2  
 20–24 years 125 4.7 15.2  
Parity     9.9 (p < 0.05)
 No birth 766 29.0 12.5  
 One birth 924 35.0 19.6  
 Two births 603 22.9 19.1  
 Three or more births 346 13.1 17.0  
Ethnicity     56.2 (p < 0.001)
 Bambara 899 34.1 19.9  
 Malinka 268 10.1 15.2  
 Peulh 368 13.9 11.2  
 Sarakole 231 8.8 13.6  
 Sonreal 136 5.2 9.2  
 Dogon 186 7.0 20.9  
 Touaeg 55 2.1 5.0  
 Sonoufo 276 10.5 23.5  
 Bobo 48 1.8 14.6  
 Others 172 6.5 19.6  
Exposure to mass media     18.6 (p < 0.001)
 No 462 17.5 11.9  
 Yes 2177 82.5 18.2  
Desire for more children     5.4 (p < 0.05)
 Have another 2561 97.1 17.2  
 Undecided 42 1.6 11.7  
 No more 35 1.3 16.1  
Ideal number of children     19.2 (p < 0.001)
 0–3 227 8.6 22.1  
 4–5 1188 45.0 20.8  
 6+ 1223 46.4 12.6  
Place of residence     21.0 (p < 0.001)
 Urban 710 26.9 25.0  
 Rural 1929 73.1 14.2  
Community literacy level     82.3 (p < 0.001)
 Low 924 35.0 10.1  
 Moderate 892 33.8 16.9  
 High 824 31.3 25.1  
Community socio-economic status    62.6 (p < 0.001)
Low 1595 60.4 12.6  
Moderate 190 7.2 18.3  
High 854 32.4 25.1  
Community knowledge of modern method   61.3 (p < 0.001)
 Low 701 26.6 9.3  
 Moderate 1938 73.3 19.9  
  1. Source: 2018 Mali Demographic and Health Survey