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Table 1 Associations between selected demographic characteristics, knowledge and outcome expectancy of the implant against whether the men would like their female intimate partners to use the implant in the future, Chi-Square results

From: Factors affecting men’s support for the use of the contraceptive implant by their female intimate partners

Variables Would you like your partner to use the implant in the futurea
Yes
n (%)
No or unsure
n (%)
Chi-Square (p-value)
Demographics
 Age group
   < 25 years old 3 (21.4%) 11 (78.6%)  
   > 25 years old 17 (37.8%) 28 (62.2%)  
    1.27 (.26)
 Education
  Up to incomplete secondary school 11 (40.7%) 16 (59.3%)  
  Secondary school and post-secondary 9 (28.1%) 23 (71.9%)  
    1.04 (.31)
Family planning responsibility and support
 Who is responsible for FP
  Woman or man 5 (35.7%) 9 (64.3%)  
  Both man and woman 15 (33.3%) 30 (66.7%)  
    .03 (.87)
 Who should decide a woman should use FP
  Woman or man 7 (46.7%) 8 (53.3%)  
  Both man and woman 13 (29.5%) 31 (70.5%)  
    1.46 (.23)
 How do you feel about your partner using FP
  Support partner 17 (34.7%) 32 (65.3%)  
  I don’t like it 2 (50.0%) 2 (50.0%)  
    .88 (.35)
 Does your main partner/wife want a/another child
  Yes 14 (51.9%) 13 (48.1%)  
  No or unsure 6 (18.8%) 26 (81.2%)  
    7.16 (.01)
Knowledge composite
 Most women can safely use the implant
  Agree 13 (50.0%) 13 (50.0%)  
  Disagree or unsure 7 (21.2%) 26 (78.8%)  
    5.38 (.02)
 Teenagers can safely use the implant
  Agree 13 (44.8%) 16 (55.2%)  
  Disagree or unsure 7 (23.3%) 23 (76.7%)  
    3.04 (.08)
 Women with no babies can safely use the implant
  Agree 11 (40.7%) 16 (59.3%)  
  Disagree or unsure 9 (28.1%) 23 (71.9%)  
    1.04 (.31)
 HIV positive women can safely use the implant
  Agree 11 (47.8%) 12 (52.2%)  
  Disagree or unsure 9 (25.0%) 27 (75.0%)  
    3.26 (.07)
 Implant is very effective in preventing pregnancy
  Agree 12 (40.0%) 18 (60.0%)  
  Disagree or unsure 8 (27.6%) 21 (72.4%)  
    1.01 (.31)
 Implant can prevent pregnancy for:
  About 3 years 9 (56.2%) 7 (43.8%))  
  Don’t know or otherb 11 (25.6%) 32 (74.4%)  
    4.89 (.03)
 Implant protects against STIs and HIV
  Agree 4 (28.6%) 10 (71.4%)  
  Disagree or unsure 16 35.6%) 29 (64.4%)  
    .23 (.63)
Outcome expectancy composite
 Implant could be easily inserted
  Agree 10 (29.4%) 15 (70.6%)  
  Disagree or unsure 10 (29.4%) 24 (70.6%)  
    7.2 (.39)
 Implant could be easily removed
  Agree 8 (38.1%) 13 (61.9%)  
  Disagree or unsure 12 (31.6%) 26 (68.4%)  
    .26 (.61)
 Implant is convenient
  Agree 14 (42.4%) 19 (57.6%)  
  Disagree or unsure 6 (23.1%) 20 (76.9%)  
    2.43 (.12)
 Implant lasts for long
  Agree 14 (46.7%) 16 (53.3%)  
  Disagree or unsure 6 (20.7%) 23 (79.3%)  
    4.44 (.04)
 I’d worry about her gaining weight if she uses the implant
  Agree 10 (43.5%) 13 (56.5%)  
  Disagree or unsure 10 (27.8%) 26 (72.2%)  
    1.54 (.21)
 I’d worry about her monthly bleeding if she uses the implant
  Agree 5 (41.7%) 7 (58.3%)  
  Disagree or unsure 15 (31.9%) 32 (68.1%)  
    .41 (.52)
 Implant could stop her from falling pregnant even after she removes it
  Agree 8 (50.0%) 8 (50.0%)  
  Disagree or unsure 12 (27.9%) 31 (72.1%)  
    2.27 (.13)
 Implant could move around her body
  Agree 4 (50.0%) 4 (50.0%)  
  Disagree or unsure 16 (31.4%) 35 (68.6%)  
    1.07 (.30)
 Implant could be painful to her
  Agree 4 (44.4%) 5 (55.6%)  
  Disagree or unsure 16 (32.0%) 34 (68.0%)  
    .53 (.47)
 Implant could harm her future babies
  Agree 1 (16.7%) 5 (83.7%)  
  Disagree or unsure 19 (35.8%) 34 (64.2%)  
    .88 (.35)
  1. aOnly those who reported to have a partner
  2. bOther includes 6 months, about a year, about 5 years, more than 5 years, unsure
  3. Bold is significant