Skip to main content

Table 3 Risk factors for PPIUD expulsion

From: Risk factors for postpartum intrauterine device expulsion among women delivering at a tertiary Hospital in Uganda: a prospective cohort study

  Unadjusted analysis Adjusted analysis
Variable RR (95% CI) Adjusted RR (95%CI) p-value
Age in years
 18–24 1   
 25–34 1.18 (0.22–6.16)   
 ≥ 35 2.79 (0.49–15.62)   
Education Level
 None 1   
 Primary 0.88 (0.091–8.646)   
 Secondary 1.00 (0.102–9.75)   
 Tertiary 0.44 (0.035–5.522)   
Birth weight (in kilograms)
 < 2.5 1   
 2.5–3.9 0.36 (0.35–3.71)   
 ≥ 4 1.24 (0.13–11.52)   
Parity
 Parity 1 1   
 Parity 2 2.71 (0.26–28.37)   
 Parity3 0.65 (0.04–11.11)   
 Parity4 0.70 (0.04–11.96)   
 5 & above 4.03 (0.46–35.29)   
Time from delivery to IUD insertion (in minutes)
 ≤ 10 min 1 1  
 11-59 min 8.95 (1,61–49.81) 8.11 (1.26–51.98) 0.027
 ≥ 60 min 4.86 (0.94–25.19) 4.78 (0.86–26.43) 0.070
Duration of menses in days
 ≤ 3    
 4 1   
 > =5 1.23 (0.34–4.49)   
Past IUD use 1.61 (0.35–7.30)   
 No 1   
 Yes 1.1 (0.13–9.53)   
Resumption of sex
 No 1   
 Yes 3.60 (0.95–13.69)   
Duration of bloody lochia flow in days
 0–7 1 1  
 8 to 14 1.91 (0.48–7.53) 1.35 (0.33–5.53) 0.924
 ≥ 15 7.37 (1.45–37.45) 8.45 (1.47–48.47) 0.017