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Table 2 Prevalence of contraceptive use and intention to use contraceptives by predisposing, enabling and need factors, 2015–16 MDHS (N = 24,562)

From: Patterns and determinants of modern contraceptive use and intention to usecontraceptives among Malawian women of reproductive ages (15–49 years)

Variable Contraceptive use Intension to use contraceptives
N % N %
Predisposing factors
Age
 15–19 810 19.2 3402 76.2
 20–24 2377 51.0 2286 84.1
 25–29 2295 63.7 1309 77.9
 30–34 2136 66.7 1065 70.4
 35–39 1807 71.1 698 59.1
 40–44 1091 76.7 331 35.6
 45–49 678 81.1 151 17.1
P-value < 0.001 <  0.001
Ethnicity
 Chewa 3499 55.5 2809 73.6
 Tumbuka 1167 56.6 895 61.9
 Lomwe 2176 56.8 1655 72.7
 Tonga 345 47.1 387 64.8
 Yao 1049 48.3 1125 64.9
 Sena 495 52.3 452 68.7
 Nkhonde 150 54.2 127 68.6
 Ngoni 1411 54.8 1166 69.7
 Mang’anja 288 61.0 184 65.5
 Nyanja 226 52.8 202 62.9
P-value < 0.001 <  0.001
Religion
 Christian 10,107 55.6 8079 69.8
 Moslem 1020 47.8 1112 65.2
 Non-religious 51 58.0 37 59.7
P-value < 0.001 <  0.001
Highest education level
 No education 1319 65.1 708 48.5
 Primary 7148 56.7 5468 69.4
 Secondary 2456 47.0 2774 76.9
 Tertiary 271 48.1 292 69.0
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001
Enabling factors
Wealth group
 Poor 3884 54.9 3287 69.7
 Middle income 4408 55.9 3471 69.5
 Rich 2792 52.9 2484 67.9
P-value 0.003 0.170
Partner education level
 No education 784 67.4 379 56.4
 Primary 4999 68.4 2309 68.4
 Secondary 2987 66.0 1542 76.3
 Tertiary 574 71.8 225 66.0
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001
Type of place of residence
 Urban 2282 52.4 2077 70.1
 Rural 8912 55.4 7165 68.9
P-value < 0.001 0.221
Educated on family planning
 No 144 56.7 110 60.8
 Yes 1602 62.2 975 73.6
P-value 0.087 <  0.001
Region
 Northern region 2168 56.8 1649 62.6
 Central region 3969 54.1 3368 75.7
 Southern region 5057 54.5 4225 62.7
P-value 0.018 <  0.001
Need factors
Desire of children
 Both want same 4839 64.3 2681 71.2
 Partner wants more 1403 64.9 758 66.7
 Partner wants fewer 727 66.2 371 77.5
P-value 0.463 < 0.001
Ever terminated pregnancy
 No 9967 54.1 8456 69.7
 Yes 1227 61.8 786 63.7
P-value < 0.001 <  0.001
  1. Statistically significant at P < 0.05