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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios showing the likelihood of contraceptive use and intention to use among women (15–49 years) in Malawi

From: Patterns and determinants of modern contraceptive use and intention to usecontraceptives among Malawian women of reproductive ages (15–49 years)

Variable Contraceptive use Intention to use contraceptives
Unadjusted Model Adjusted Model Unadjusted Model Adjusted model
OR 95% C.I. OR 95% C.I. OR 95% C.I. OR 95% C.I.
Age
 15–19 0.05*** 0.04–0.06 0.13*** 0.10–0.16 15.54*** 12 .88–18.76 15.18*** 5.94–38.77
 20–24 0.23*** 0.19–0.28 0.24*** 0.19–0.31 25.71*** 20.98–31.50 16.77*** 7.46–37.71
 25–29 0.39*** 0.32–0.47 0.37*** 0.29–0.46 17.06*** 13.83–21.04 6.75*** 3.16–14.45
 30–34 0.45*** 0.37–0.54 0.40*** 0.32–0.51 11.55*** 9.39–14.21 7.76*** 3.61–16.65
 35–39 0.58*** 0.47–0.70 0.55*** 0.43–0.70 7.01*** 5.68–8.64 5.05*** 2.29–11.12
 40–44 0.73*** 0.59–0.91 0.73*** 0.56–0.94 2.67*** 2.15–3.34 2.04 0.89–4.65
 45–49 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Ethnicity
 Chewa 1.11 0.92–1.36 1.16 0.86–1.56 1.64*** 1.29–2.08 0.97 0.20–4.15
 Tumbuka 1.17 0.95–1.44 1.09 0.80–1.48 0.96 0.75–1.23 0.48 0.12–2.02
 Lomwe 1.18 0.96–1.44 1.25 0.92–1.69 1.57*** 1.23–2.00 0.83 0.18–3.87
 Tonga 0.80 0.63–1.01 0.60*** 0.43–0.84 1.09 0.82–1.44 0.46 0.10–2.10
 Yao 0.83 0.68–1.03 1.01 0.73–1.40 1.09 0.85–1.40 0.43 0.08–2.18
 Sena 0.98 0.78–1.23 0.87 0.63–1.21 1.29 0.98–1.71 0.65 0.11–3.84
 Nkhonde 1.06 0.78–1.43 0.92 0.60–1.40 1.29 0.88–1.90 1.29 0.20–8.44
 Ngoni 1.08 0.88–1.33 1.12 0.83–1.52 1.35*** 1.05–1.74 0.80 0.17–3.67
 Mang’anja 1.40*** 1.07–1.83 1.43 0.97–2.10 1.12 0.88–1.56 0.52 0.06–4.61
 Nyanja 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Religion
 Christian 0.91 0.59–1.39 1.07 0.62–1.86 1.56 0.94–2.60 1.02 0.61–1.82
 Moslem 0.67 0.43–1.03 0.72 0.41–1.26 1.27 0.75–2.12 0.71 0.51–1.23
 Non-religious 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Highest education level
 No education 2.01*** 1.66–2.43 1.27 0.92–1.75 0.42*** 0.34–0.53 0.75 0.16–3.65
 Primary 1.41*** 1.19–1.67 1.56*** 1.14–2.09 1.02 0.82–1.26 0.72 0.16–3.18
 Secondary 0.95 0.80–1.04 1.39*** 1.04–1.85 1.50 1.20–1.87 0.77 0.18–3.34
 Tertiary 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Enabling factors
Wealth group
 Poor 1.08*** 1.01–1.16 0.78*** 0.68–0.90 0.98 0.81–1.16 0.74 0.68–1.35
 Middle income 1.13*** 1.05–1.21 0.84*** 0.74–0.95 0.83 0.78–1.21 0.84 0.74–1.15
 Rich 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Partner education level
 No education 0.81*** 0.67–0.99 0.86 0.67–1.09 0.67*** 0.51–0.87 1.08 0.34–3.38
 Primary 0.85*** 0.72–0.99 0.94 0.76–1.16 1.11 0.88–1.41 1.03 0.40–2.68
 Secondary 0.76*** 0.63–0.90 0.84 0.69–1.03 1.66*** 1.30–2.12 1.14 0.18–2.92
 Tertiary 1.000   1.000   1.00   1.000  
Type of place of residence
 Urban 0.88*** 0.83–0.95 1.04 0.92–1.16 0.68 0.53–1.15 1.01 0.82–1.13
 Rural 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Region
 Northern region 1.10*** 1.02–1.19 1.09 0.91–1.30 0.82*** 0.74–0.90 0.99 0.46–2.14
 Central region 0.99 0.93–1.05 1.11 0.99–1.24 1.52*** 1.40–1.66 0.66 0.36–1.23
 Southern region 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Need factors
Ever terminated pregnancy
 No 0.76*** 0.69–0.83 1.50*** 1.34–1.68 1.31 1.16–1.48 0.71 0.38–1.35
 Yes 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
  1. ***Statistically significant at P < 0.05