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Table 2 Distribution of modern contraceptive use by individual and contextual-level variables

From: Factors associated with modern contraceptive use among women with no fertility intention in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from cross-sectional surveys of 29 countries

Variables Weighted N Weighted % Modern contraceptive p-values
Age     < 0.001
 15–19 2164 2.5 15.6  
 20–24 4600 5.3 35.0  
 25–29 9619 11.0 38.2  
 30–34 15,430 17.6 37.9  
 35–39 19,635 22.4 34.4  
 40–44 19,234 22.0 27.0  
 45–49 16,852 19.3 14.8  
Marital status     < 0.001
 Never married 5209 6.0 27.4  
 Married 57,118 65.2 32.2  
 Cohabiting 10,331 11.8 29.4  
 Widowed 3607 7.2 13.4  
 Divorced 8590 9.8 25.4  
Religion     < 0.001
 Christianity 64,891 74.1 33.9  
 Islam 19,161 21.9 16.9  
 Traditional 1914 2.2 15.0  
 No religion 1588 1.8 23.7  
Employment status     0.004
 Not working 17,988 20.5 29.0  
 Working 69,566 79.5 29.7  
Age at first sex     < 0.001
 Less than 15 18,149 20.7 23.9  
 15–19 years 54,679 62.5 31.1  
 20 years and above 14,726 16.8 31.0  
Parity     < 0.001
 No birth 1933 2.2 8.1  
 One birth 3867 4.4 25.5  
 Two births 8502 9.7 38.6  
 Three births 12,988 14.8 36.4  
 Four or more births 60,264 68.8 27.8  
Level of education     < 0.001
 No education 30,977 35.4 17.6  
 Primary 92,933 37.6 34.7  
 Secondary 20,324 23.2 37.5  
 Higher 3302 3.8 41.8  
Exposure to newspaper    < 0.001
 No 71,687 81.9 26.9  
 Yes 15,867 18.1 41.8  
Exposure to radio     < 0.001
 No 34,741 39.7 24.9  
 Yes 51,813 60.3 32.7  
Exposure to television    < 0.001
 No 54,414 62.1 27.5  
 Yes 33,140 37.9 33.0  
Residence     < 0.001
 Urban 30,434 34.8 32.4  
 Rural 57,120 65.2 28.1  
Wealth index
 Poorest 16,062 18.4 22.1 < 0.001
 Poorer 17,170 19.6 26.7  
 Middle 17,582 20.1 29.4  
 Richer 18,341 20.9 32.1  
 Richest 18,399 21.0 36.5  
Community literacy level    < 0.001
 Low 33,855 38.7 24.5  
 Medium 29,145 33.4 35.9  
 High 24,554 28.0 29.1  
Community socioeconomic status    < 0.001
 Low 47,293 54.0 25.4  
 Medium 10,087 11.5 36.0  
 High 30,174 34.5 34.0  
Community knowledge of modern contraceptive method   < 0.001
 Low 81,646 93.3 30.9  
 Medium 5908 6.7 11.9  
Sub-region     < 0.001
 West Africa 27,561 31.5 17.7  
 East Africa 46,577 53.2 37.3  
 Central Africa 8914 10.2 13.1  
 Southern Africa 4502 5.1 55.4  
  1. NB: p-values obtained from chi-square test