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Table 2 Frequency and factors associated with change in pregnancy intention due to COVID-19 concerns

From: Social consequences of COVID-19 on fertility preference consistency and contraceptive use among Nigerian women: insights from population-based data

Variables Change in pregnancy intention due to COVID-19 concerns
Socio-demographics (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age group (Years)    Model I Model II
 15-24 22.7 ref   ref
 25-29 9.4 0.38(0.15-0.99)*   0.41(0.17-0.98)*
 30-34 8.5 0.34(0.14-0.85)*   0.37(0.14-0.96)*
 35-39 6.9 0.28(0.12-0.67)*   0.32(0.15-0.68)*
 40-44 5.1 0.20(0.07-0.58)*   0.25(0.09-0.69)*
 45-49 5.9 0.23(0.07-0.80)*   0.33(0.09-1.15)
Highest education
 None 5.8 ref   
 Primary 14.1 2.52(0.58-10.90)   
 Secondary 9.3 1.62(0.47-5.66)   
 Tertiary 6.6 1.14(0.32-4.02)   
Employment
 Yes 7.9 ref   
 No 13.2 1.72(0.76-3.93)   
Place of residence
 Urban 8.7 ref   
 Rural 9.6 1.12(0.39-3.23)   
Wealth quintile
 Lowest 17.2 ref   ref
 Lower 6.2 0.34(0.13-0.90)*   0.32(0.14-0.76)*
 Middle 8.5 0.47(0.20-1.13)   0.46(0.19-1.12)
 Higher 6.8 0.37(0.11-1.26)   0.38(0.15-0.97)*
 Highest 7.4 0.41(0.18-0.93)*   0.50(0.24-1.04)
State
 Lagos 7.3 ref   
 Kano 12.6 1.79(0.78-4.09)   
Social consequences of COVID-19
Loss of personal income
  Small 3.2 ref ref  
  Moderate 5.6 1.78(0.30-10.53) 1.83(0.30-11.13)  
  Large 11.4 3.76(0.72-19.61) 3.54(0.67-18.57)  
  No income 11.0 3.61(0.70-18.71) 0.14(0.01-1.48)  
Loss of household income
  Some or partial 6.8 ref ref ref
  Total 13.3 2.04(0.98-4.27) 25.64(3.07-214.43) 1.64(0.86-3.13)
Household food insecurity
  No 7.0 ref ref ref
  Yes 18.3 2.79(1.29-6.04)* 2.34(1.07-5.12) 2.72(1.23-5.99)*
Worry about future household finance
  No 4.4 ref ref  
  Yes 9.2 2.14(0.64-7.11) 1.43(0.42-4.90)  
Economic reliance on partner
  No 6.2 ref ref ref
  Yes 12.3 2.04(1.01-4.12)* 2.08(1.04-4.16) 1.80(0.82-3.96)
Marital and reproductive characteristics
No of times married/cohabitted
  Once 8.7 ref   
  More than one 10.3 1.20(0.44-3.27)   
Family type
  Monogamy 9.3 ref   
  Polygynous 7.3 0.78(0.34-1.76)   
Children ever-born
   < =1 11.1 ref   
  2 6.5 0.57(0.21-1.57)   
  3 10 0.90(0.32-2.53)   
  4 10.8 0.97(0.35-2.74)   
   > =5 6.4 0.56(0.18-1.70)   
History of pregnancy termination in past 3 years
  No 9.1 ref   
  Yes 6.4 0.69(0.26-1.85)   
  1. *p < 0.05