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Table 4 Frequency and factors associated with an unhappy disposition towards pregnancy amidst COVID-19

From: Social consequences of COVID-19 on fertility preference consistency and contraceptive use among Nigerian women: insights from population-based data

Variables Unhappy disposition towards pregnancy during COVID-19
Socio-demographics (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age group (Years)    Model I Model II
 15-24 55 ref   
 25-29 50.7 0.84(0.44-1.63)   
 30-34 57.2 1.09(0.52-2.32)   
 35-39 67.6 1.71(0.79-3.73)   
 40-44 62.9 1.39(0.68-2.84)   
 45-49 73.4 2.26(0.94-5.46)   
Highest education
 None 45.4 ref   ref
 Primary 62.1 1.97(1.11-3.49)*   1.93(0.89-4.18)
 Secondary 61.1 1.89(1.23-2.91)*   2.08(0.99-4.36)
 Tertiary 66.4 2.38(1.49-3.79)*   2.99(1.41-6.33)*
Employment
 Yes 60.8 ref   
 No 61 1.01(0.61-1.67)   
Place of residence
 Urban 64.2 ref   ref
 Rural 45.4 0.46(0.26-0.83)   0.57(0.25-1.30)
Wealth quintile
 Lowest 53.7 ref   
 Lower 65.3 1.62(0.79-3.30)   
 Middle 53.6 0.99(0.48-2.08)   
 Higher 61.7 1.39(0.67-2.86)   
 Highest 67.6 1.79(0.92-3.52)   
State
 Lagos 64.2 ref   
 Kano 52.5 0.62(0.37-1.02)   
Social consequences of COVID-19
Loss of personal income
  Small 73.2 ref ref ref
  Moderate 54.6 0.44(0.22-0.87)* 0.45(0.22-0.89)* 0.39(0.18-0.86)*
  Large 57.1 0.49(0.28-0.85)* 0.49(0.27-0.87)* 0.47(0.23-0.93)*
  No income 64.4 0.66(0.37-1.19) 0.45(0.21-0.93)* 0.66(0.33-1.35)
Loss of household income
  Some or partial 58.2 ref ref  
  Total 66.5 1.42(0.96-2.11) 1.63(0.79-3.34)  
Household food insecurity
  No 60.1 ref ref  
  Yes 64.4 1.20(0.74-1.95) 1.15(0.67-1.95)  
Worry about future household finance
  No 60.9 ref ref  
  Yes 61 1.01(0.50-2.04) 0.94(0.43-2.03)  
Economic reliance on partner
  No 62.1 ref ref  
  Yes 59 0.88(0.60-1.29) 0.85(0.57-1.24)  
Marital and reproductive characteristics
No of times married/cohabitted
  Once 60.8 ref   
  More than one 60.9 1.00(0.50-2.03)   
Family type
  Monogamy 61.4 ref   
  Polygynous 58.6 0.89(0.57-1.38)   
Children ever-born
   < =1 42.6 ref   ref
  2 56.8 1.77(1.11-2.84)*   1.59(0.97-2.61)
  3 67.9 2.85(1.56-5.21)*   2.95(1.58-5.53)*
  4 70.7 3.25(1.74-6.06)*   3.48(1.89-6.38)*
   > =5 64.6 2.46(1.29-4.69)*   4.79(2.29-10.03)*
History of pregnancy termination in past 3 years
  No 61.7 ref   ref
  Yes 51.8 0.67(0.42-1.07)   0.70(0.42-1.19)
  1. *p < 0.05