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  1. Content type: Research

    Perinatal mortality is unacceptably high in low-income countries, including Malawi. Use of family planning to encourage birth spacing may optimize outcomes for subsequent pregnancies. However, the reproductive...

    Authors: Agatha Bula, Dawn M Kopp, Suzanne Maman, Lameck Chinula, Mercy Tsidya and Jennifer H Tang

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:22

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  2. Content type: Research

    Although Malawi is one of the countries with highest Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) in Sub–Saharan Africa, pregnancies and fertility among young women remain high. This suggests low up take of contracepti...

    Authors: Chrispin Mandiwa, Bernadetta Namondwe, Andrew Makwinja and Collins Zamawe

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:12

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  3. Content type: Review

    Emergency contraception is indicated in instances of unprotected sexual intercourse, including reproductive coercion, sexual assault, and contraceptive failure. It plays a role in averting unintended pregnanci...

    Authors: Kristin O. Haeger, Jacqueline Lamme and Kelly Cleland

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:20

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  4. Content type: Research

    Although most women would want to wait for more than two years before having another baby, their fertility behaviours during the first year following birth may decrease or increase the length of the birth inte...

    Authors: Sebastian Kofi Eliason, Ansumana Sandy Bockarie and Cecilia Eliason

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:13

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  5. Content type: Research

    Family planning (FP) program is a key program to avert unbalanced human population growth, maternal mortality, unintended pregnancy, unsafe abortion, sexually transmitted diseases and malnutrition. To address ...

    Authors: Misganu Endriyas, Tefera Belachew and Berhane Megerssa

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:14

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  6. Content type: Research

    Frequency of sex, contraceptive use and HIV infection are key determinants of fertility. Use of an effective family planning (EFP) method (injectable, oral, intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD), or Norpla...

    Authors: Jim Aizire, Sufia Dadabhai, Frank Taulo, Bonus Makanani, Luis Gadama, Jin Sun, Amy Tsui and Taha E. Taha

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:10

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  7. Content type: Research

    High unmet need for family planning (32.4%) characterized Burundi in 2010. However, there has not been any study examining the relationship between unmet need and associated factors in Burundi. The present stu...

    Authors: Athanase Nzokirishaka and Imose Itua

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:11

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  8. Content type: Research

    Mother-to-Child-Transmission (MTCT) of HIV is still a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. The region has a high unmet need for family planning and high unplanned pregnancy rates among HIV-positive wom...

    Authors: Damian J. Damian, Johnston M. George, Erick Martin, Beatrice Temba and Sia E. Msuya

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:7

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  9. Content type: Research

    The use of implants and Intra-uterine devices (IUD) during the post-partum period is very low in Uganda especially in rural settings. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) are known to be the most cost-...

    Authors: Ronald Anguzu, Hassard Sempeera and Juliet N. Sekandi

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:6

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  10. Content type: Research

    Oral contraceptives (OCs), aside from contraceptive efficacy, have been widely known for their non-contraceptive benefits. Different progestogens component of the OCs have been shown to improve the skin, hair,...

    Authors: Unnop Jaisamrarn and Somsook Santibenchakul

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:5

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  11. Content type: Research

    Multiple factors are linked to extremely high unintended pregnancy rates among women who use opioids, including various barriers to contraception adherence. These include patient level barriers such as lack of...

    Authors: Rebecca L. Fischbein, Bethany G. Lanese, Lynn Falletta, Kelsey Hamilton, Jennifer A. King and Deric R. Kenne

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:4

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  12. Content type: Commentary

    U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence undermines access to contraception by permitting individuals, institutions, and even corporations to claim religious objections to ensuring contraceptive insurance coverage, th...

    Authors: Aram A. Schvey and Claire Kim

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:2

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  13. Content type: Research

    Postpartum period is an important entry point for family planning service provision; however, women in Ethiopia are usually uncertain about the use of family planning methods during this period. Limited studie...

    Authors: Almaz Yirga Gebremedhin, Yigzaw Kebede, Abebaw Addis Gelagay and Yohannes Ayanaw Habitu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:1

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  14. Content type: Research

    High total fertility rates in Burkina Faso and Mali are leading to population growth beyond the agricultural and fiscal means of its citizens. Providing access to affordable family planning methods is a key st...

    Authors: Amy O’Regan and Gretchen Thompson

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:26

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  15. Content type: Commentary

    Research demonstrates removing barriers to access, decreasing costs and offering same-day placement of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) increases contraceptive uptake in young women. For those in co...

    Authors: Jacqueline Lamme, Alison Edelman, Emily Padua and Jeffrey T. Jensen

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:25

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  16. Content type: Research

    Contraceptive discontinuation is a major barrier to reducing global unmet needs for family planning, but the reasons why women discontinue contraception are poorly understood. Here we use data from Ethiopia to...

    Authors: Alexandra Alvergne, Rose Stevens and Eshetu Gurmu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:24

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  17. Content type: Review

    Aging is a complex biological process that involves the accrual of bodily changes over a long life span. In humans, advanced maternal age is associated with infertility and adverse pregnancy complications. Cel...

    Authors: Koumei Shirasuna and Hisataka Iwata

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:23

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  18. Content type: Research

    According to available evidence, one in three married women in Ethiopia tends to avoid multiple children. On the other hand, women using Long Acting and Permanent Contraceptive Methods (LAPMs) are just 5 %. So...

    Authors: Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen, Wassie Negash Mekonnen and Solomon Hailemeskel Beshah

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:22

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  19. Content type: Research

    The contraceptive use of women in the extended postpartum period is usually different from other times in a woman’s life cycle due to the additional roles and presence of emotional changes. However, there is l...

    Authors: Masresha Tegegn, Mastewal Arefaynie and Tenaw Yimer Tiruye

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:21

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  20. Content type: Review

    Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is a common gynecological problem that has a significant impact on a woman’s quality of life and the activities of daily living. Due to the difficulty in accurately describing me...

    Authors: Intira Sriprasert, Tarita Pakrashi, Thomas Kimble and David F. Archer

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:20

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  21. Content type: Research

    Adoption of contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices has been less than might be expected given their superior efficacy and convenience. The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge and beliefs hel...

    Authors: Roshni Kakaiya, Lia L. Lopez and Anita L. Nelson

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:19

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  22. Content type: Research

    Outpatient manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) is a safe and equally effective alternative to electric vacuum aspiration (EVA) in the operating room. This project was conducted to determine whether outpatient MVA e...

    Authors: Laura E. Dodge, Lisa G. Hofler, Michele R. Hacker and Sadia Haider

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:18

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  23. Content type: Research

    Infertility is a prevalent disease of reproductive health that exerts an impact on an estimated 80 million people worldwide. For many, involuntary childlessness becomes a central and preoccupying issue in thei...

    Authors: Jacqueline R. Ho, Jacquelyn R. Hoffman, Lusine Aghajanova, James F. Smith, Marisela Cardenas and Christopher N. Herndon

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:17

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  24. Content type: Research

    The MObile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) trial assessed a mobile phone-based intervention comprising voice messages and counsellor support to increase post-abortion contraception at four Mari...

    Authors: Chris Smith, Sokhey Ly, Vannak Uk, Ruby Warnock, Phil Edwards and Caroline Free

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:16

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  25. Content type: Research

    The female condom (FC) is the only safe and effective female-initiated method that provides simultaneous protection against unintended pregnancy as well as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV...

    Authors: Mark Kwame Ananga, Nuworza Kugbey, Jemima Misornu Akporlu and Kwaku Oppong Asante

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:15

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  26. Content type: Research

    The postpartum period is a crucial time to provide family planning counseling and can decrease incidence of adverse reproductive outcomes. The purpose of this study was to characterize patterns of postpartum c...

    Authors: Amy Millar, Rachel Isaksson Vogel, Sabrina Bedell, Maureen Ayers Looby, Jessica L Hubbs, Bernard L. Harlow and Rahel Ghebre

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:14

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  27. Content type: Research

    In Nepal, evidence is sparse regarding the use of contraception at first and current relationships among sexually active young people. This study examined the factors associated with modern contraceptive use a...

    Authors: Laxmi Tamang, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Kevin McGeechan and Kirsten Black

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:13

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  28. Content type: Research

    Cancer survivors rate fertility as one of the most important determinants of their quality of life in the years after cancer treatment. We seek to describe the reproductive goals of women affected by gynecolog...

    Authors: Wael H. Salem, Joe M. Letourneau, Jessica Chan, Sai-Wing Chan, Marcelle Cedars and Mitchell P. Rosen

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:12

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  29. Content type: Research

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO) estimate, one-third of pregnancies end in miscarriage, stillbirth, or induced abortion in the world. There are various reasons for a woman to seek induced abort...

    Authors: Fikreselassie Tilahun, Abel Fekadu Dadi and Getachew Shiferaw

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:11

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  30. Content type: Research

    Though contraceptive utilization has comprehensive benefit for women, it was one of underutilized public intervention in Ethiopia and in the study area. Thus, assessing status and factors affecting contracepti...

    Authors: Misganu Endriyas, Akine Eshete, Emebet Mekonnen, Tebeje Misganaw, Mekonnen Shiferaw and Sinafikish Ayele

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:10

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  31. Content type: Research

    Nigeria remains a focus for increasing contraceptive use, as it is one of the most populous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of the current study was to investigate determinants of contraceptive ...

    Authors: Sarah R. Blackstone and Juliet Iwelunmor

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:9

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  32. Content type: Research

    Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) contraceptive use is associated with an increased risk for Chlamydia infection. However, prior studies inadequately account for potential differences in sexual behavior be...

    Authors: Deborah Bartz, Rie Maurer, Jessica Kremen, Jennifer M. Fortin, Elizabeth Janiak and Alisa B. Goldberg

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:8

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  33. Content type: Review

    Despite the increased prevalence of reversible contraception, global unintended pregnancy rates are stable. Mistakes, method failures, side effects, alcohol, stock-outs, fears, costs, delays, myths, religious ...

    Authors: Douwe A. A. Verkuyl

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:23

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  34. Content type: Research

    Long acting and permanent contraceptive methods are the most effective family planning (FP) methods to prevent pregnancy and thereby averting adverse consequences of too many and ill-timed pregnancies. However...

    Authors: Kebede Haile, Meresa Gebremedhin, Haileselasie Berhane, Tirhas Gebremedhin, Alem Abraha, Negassie Berhe, Tewodros Haile, Goitom Gigar and Yonas Girma

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:22

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  35. Content type: Research

    The Contraceptive CHOICE Project developed a patient-centered model for contraceptive provision including: (1) structured, evidence-based counseling; (2) staff and health care provider education; and (3) remov...

    Authors: Mary C. Politi, Amy Estlund, Anne Milne, Christina M. Buckel, Jeffrey F. Peipert and Tessa Madden

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:21

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  36. Content type: Research

    The GAP between the knowledge of contraception and its actual practice is well recognized in the literature of family welfare studies. The present study assessed the relation between the level of knowledge and...

    Authors: Anjali Singh, K. K. Singh and Prashant Verma

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:20

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  37. Content type: Research

    Title X of the Public Health Service Act provides funding for a range of reproductive health services, with a priority given to low-income persons. Now that many of these services are provided to larger number...

    Authors: Bethany G. Lanese and Willie H. Oglesby

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:17

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  38. Content type: Research

    “Contraceptive switching” from one method to another is a common phenomenon. Switching from a more effective long-acting method to a less effective method exposes women for unplanned pregnancy. The aim of this...

    Authors: Meselu Atnafe, Nega Assefa and Tadesse Alemayehu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:18

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  39. Content type: Research

    Young people in Uganda have a large unmet need for modern contraception, and the reasons are unclear. This study describes young peoples’ experiences of contraceptive care, client-provider interactions and its...

    Authors: Gorrette Nalwadda, Florence Mirembe, Josaphat Byamugisha, Nazarius M. Tumwesigye and Elisabeth Faxelid

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:15

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  40. Content type: Research

    The use of modern methods of contraception (MMC) as defined by the World Health Organization still remains a challenge in most of Sub-Saharan Africa. Performance Based Financing (PBF) home visit was introduced...

    Authors: Thomas Obinchemti Egbe, Julius Atashili, Emmanuella Talla and Mary Bih Suh Atanga

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:19

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  41. Content type: Research

    Age-adjusted rates of obesity are reported to be 35.8 % among US adult women and 49 % in some race/ethnicity, underserved populations. (1). Underserved populations often have less access to weight-loss interve...

    Authors: Jodi Nagelberg, Heather Burks, Sara Mucowski and Donna Shoupe

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:14

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  42. Content type: Research

    Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) can assist women with birth spacing and reduce unintended pregnancies. Sub-Saharan Africa has low uptake of the two available methods of LARC, the subdermal implant ...

    Authors: Jennifer H. Tang, Dawn M. Kopp, Gretchen S. Stuart, Michele O’Shea, Christopher C. Stanley, Mina C. Hosseinipour, William C. Miller, Mwawi Mwale, Stephen Kaliti, Phylos Bonongwe and Nora E. Rosenberg

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:13

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  43. Content type: Research

    Telocytes are specialized interstitial tissue cell type. Our aim is to characterize telocytes in human uterine leiomyoma (ULM) and its adjacent myometrium (Myo-F) as well as normal myometrium (Myo-N).

    Authors: Essam R. Othman, Dalia A. Elgamal, Abeer M. Refaiy, Ibraheem I. Abdelaal, Asmaa F. Abdel-Mola and Ayman Al-Hendy

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:12

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  44. Content type: Review

    Despite the highest historical live birth success rates for couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), there has been an epidemic of iatrogenic twin and higher order gestation conceived from this treatme...

    Authors: Amy M. Lee, Matthew T. Connell, John M. Csokmay and Aaron K. Styer

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:11

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  45. Content type: Commentary

    Reducing the global unmet need for contraception is currently a priority for many governments, multi-lateral initiatives, non-governmental organizations, and donors. Evidence strongly suggests that the provisi...

    Authors: Nancy L. Hancock, Gretchen S. Stuart, Jennifer H. Tang, Carla J. Chibwesha, Jeffrey S. A. Stringer and Benjamin H. Chi

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2016 1:10

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