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  1. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa, known for its high fertility and low contraceptive use. The magnitude of contraceptive use in the emerging regions of the country is below the national a...

    Authors: Delayehu Bekele, Feiruz Surur, Balkachew Nigatu, Alula Teklu, Tewodros Getinet, Munir Kassa, Merhawi Gebremedhin, Berhe Gebremichael and Yonas Abesha

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:18

    Content type: Research

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  2. Syria has made progress in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity before the conflict in 2011. Despite the improvement in antenatal care (ANC) coverage and patterns of use, analyses of national surveys demo...

    Authors: Rima Mourtada, Hyam Bashour and Fiona Houben

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:17

    Content type: Research

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  3. Men involvement is one of the important factors in family planning (FP) service utilization. Their limitation in the family planning program causes a decrease in service utilization as well as the discontinuat...

    Authors: Lemessa Assefa, Zemenu Shasho, Habtamu Kebebe Kasaye, Edao Tesa, Ebisa Turi and Ginenus Fekadu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:16

    Content type: Research

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  4. Postpartum contraceptive discontinuation refers to cessation of use following initiation after delivery within 1 year postpartum. Discontinuation of use has been associated with an increased unmet need for fam...

    Authors: Michael J. Mahande, Ryoko Sato, Caroline Amour, Rachel Manongi, Amina Farah, Sia E. Msuya, Bilikisu Elewonibi and Iqbal Shah

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:15

    Content type: Research

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  5. People living with HIV (PLHIV) receive free antiretroviral treatment (ART) in public health facilities of India. With improved life expectancy, unmet sexual and reproductive health needs of PLHIV have to be ad...

    Authors: Beena Joshi, Bhushan Girase, Siddesh Shetty, Vinita Verma, Shrikala Acharya, Pramod Deoraj, Ragini Kulkarni and Shahina Begum

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:14

    Content type: Research

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  6. Subdermal etonogestrel implants are highly effective contraceptive methods. Despite standardization of insertion technique by the manufacturer, some implants are inadvertently placed too deeply within or below...

    Authors: Justin E. Hellwinkel, Matthew W. Konigsberg, Johana Oviedo, Paula M. Castaño and R. Kumar Kadiyala

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:13

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. Exposure of mothers to negative moods and stress before childbirth leads to negative consequences for the infants. Given the importance of psychological health, this study aimed to examine the effect of these ...

    Authors: Sara Dokuhaki, Fateme Dokuhaki and Marzieh Akbarzadeh

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:12

    Content type: Research

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  8. Although women in South Asia and South-east Asia have developed their knowledge regarding modern contraceptive and other family planning techniques, limited information exists on the influence of mass media ex...

    Authors: Pranta Das, Nandeeta Samad, Hasan Al Banna, Temitayo Eniola Sodunke, John Elvis Hagan Jr, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah and Abdul-Aziz Seidu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:11

    Content type: Research

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  9. Maternal mortality tragedy is the issue of both developed and developing countries, especially sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia, which is due to poor quality of maternal health care services. Therefore fa...

    Authors: Gurmessa Daba, Jembere Tesfaye Deressa and Workinesh Sinishaw

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:10

    Content type: Research

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  10. Postpartum intrauterine device (PPIUD) use refers to intrauterine device (IUD) insertion after delivery but within 48 h of birth. In Uganda, the general use of modern methods of contraception is low with < 1% ...

    Authors: Joy Muhumuza, Richard Migisha, Joseph Ngonzi, Musa Kayondo and Godfrey Mugyenyi

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:7

    Content type: Research

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  11. Contraception allows women to realize their human right to decide if and when to have children and helps people to attain their desired family size. Yet 214 million women of a reproductive age in developing co...

    Authors: Biresaw Wassihun, Kidist Wosen, Asmare Getie, Kalkidan Belay, Rehal Tesfaye, Tewodros Tadesse, Yosef Alemayehu, Manaye Yihune, Addis Aklilu, Kassahun Gebayehu and Shegaw Zeleke

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:6

    Content type: Research

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  12. This paper provides estimates of contraceptive discontinuation and failure rates in a poor urban setting in Ghana. Contraceptive use is for the purposes of preventing unintended or mistimed pregnancies. Unfort...

    Authors: Ayaga A. Bawah, Ryoko Sato, Patrick Asuming, Elizabeth G. Henry, Caesar Agula, Charles Agyei-Asabere, David Canning and Iqbal Shah

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:9

    Content type: Research

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  13. Despite calls to increase contraceptive use among adolescents and youth, large gaps still exist, creating an unmet need for family planning. Past research has focused on barriers to seeking a method. There is ...

    Authors: Elynn Kann Sanchez, Courtney McGuire, Lisa M. Calhoun, Gwyn Hainsworth and Ilene S. Speizer

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:8

    Content type: Research

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  14. Postpartum intrauterine device (PPIUCD) utilization remains very low in Ethiopia beside high levels of unmet need for postpartum family planning even if nongovernmental organizations efforts to promote its use...

    Authors: Yohannes Fikadu Geda, Seid Mohammed Nejaga, Mesfin Abebe Belete, Semarya Berhe Lemlem and Addishiwet Fantahun Adamu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:4

    Content type: Research

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  15. Since the introduction of the first modern contraceptive methods, the interlink between bleeding control and contraceptive development has been a dominant and critical factor. This interplay has led to the dev...

    Authors: Donna Shoupe

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:3

    Content type: Commentary

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  16. Despite endorsements supporting the use of intrauterine devices (IUDs) for adolescents and young adult women (AYA), they have limited knowledge about them Male partners can influence contraceptive decisions, h...

    Authors: Aanchal Sharma, Edward McCabe, Sona Jani, Anthony Gonzalez, Seleshi Demissie and April Lee

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:2

    Content type: Research

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  17. The insertion of Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (PPIUD) for the purpose of contraception immediately after delivery is becoming popular in countries where the use of IUD for contraception has been extremely...

    Authors: Projestine Selestine Muganyizi, Grasiana Festus Kimario, France John Rwegoshora, Ponsian Patrick Paul and Anita Makins

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:1

    Content type: Research

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  18. Provision of post abortion contraception following an abortion is an excellent opportunity to address unmet family planning needs of women. In Ethiopia, post abortion family planning is minimal and underutiliz...

    Authors: Enyew Abate, Yolanda R. Smith, Walelign Kindie, Addisu Girma and Yonas Girma

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:39

    Content type: Research

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  19. Globally, approximately half of all pregnancies occur before 24 months after child birth. In Sub Saharan Africa the unmet need for family planning is highest among postpartum women. There is a dearth of inform...

    Authors: Kiondo Solomon Kiondo, Eusebious Maro, Sophia Kiwango, Julius Pius Alloyce, Benjamin C. Shayo and Michael Johnson Mahande

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:24

    Content type: Research

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  20. In the last decade, (2000–2019), the modern contraceptive prevalence among married women of reproductive age (14–49 years), has increased by only 2.1%. The slow progress was due to limited access to services a...

    Authors: Mesele Damte Argaw, Hailemariam Segni Abawollo, Binyam Fekadu Desta, Zergu Taffesse Tsegaye, Dejene Mengistu Belete and Melkamu Getu Abebe

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:23

    Content type: Case Report

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  21. Women have unfair share in the burden of unintended pregnancy outcome and unhealthy interpregnancy intervals. An understanding of the triggers, ideation and motivational factors influencing utilization of mode...

    Authors: Kehinde Osinowo, Michael Ekholuenetale, Oluwaseun Ojomo, Abiodun Hassan and Oladapo Alabi Ladipo

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:38

    Content type: Research

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  22. Knowledge of abortion law is a key determinant of the utilization of safe abortion services. Neglecting it can lead to high social and economic costs, both immediately and in the future. One of the major reaso...

    Authors: Mulugeta Mekuria, Dechasa Daba, Teka Girma and Adamu Birhanu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:37

    Content type: Research

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  23. Family planning services have been available at no cost in the public health settings of South Africa since 1994, and now include the long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) namely, the contraceptive imp...

    Authors: Kim Jonas, Moira Kalichman, Seth Kalichman, Chelsea Morroni and Catherine Mathews

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:36

    Content type: Research

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  24. Women who use contraceptive methods sometimes stop early, use methods intermittently, or switched contraceptive methods. All these events (discontinuations and switching) contribute to the occurrence of unwant...

    Authors: Abou Coulibaly, Tieba Millogo, Adama Baguiya, Nguyen Toan Tran, Rachel Yodi, Armando Seuc, Asa Cuzin-Kihl, Blandine Thieba, Sihem Landoulsi, James Kiarie, Désiré Mashinda Kulimba and Séni Kouanda

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:35

    Content type: Research

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  25. Age difference among spouses can be considered as an indicator of the nature of the marital bond, and influences the couple’s fertility expectations. The age difference is one of the features of the traditiona...

    Authors: Sena Belina Kitila, Yonas Biratu Terfa, Adugna Olani Akuma, Ayantu Kebede Olika and Alemi Kebede Olika

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:34

    Content type: Research

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  26. Unwanted pregnancy is a significant public health problem worldwide. In higher education, students are exposed to the risk of unintended pregnancy, abortion, and its related negative consequences.

    Authors: Tadesse Wuletaw Demissie, Araya Mesfin Nigatu and Getnet Mihretie Beyene

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:33

    Content type: Research

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  27. Unmet need refers to fecund women who either wish to postpone the next birth (spacers) or who wish to stop childbearing (limiters) but are not using a contraceptive method. Many women who are sexually active w...

    Authors: Solomon Adanew Worku, Yohannes Moges Mittiku and Abate Dargie Wubetu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:21

    Content type: Review

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  28. The use of modern contraceptives among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains an issue that needs urgent attention. This present study assesses the individual and contextua...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:32

    Content type: Research

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  29. Universal access to family planning has been emphasized by the international development agenda, as evident in the Sustainable Development Goal 3.7. This notwithstanding, the use of modern contraceptives has b...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Louis Kobina Dadzie, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Justice Kanor Tetteh and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:22

    Content type: Research

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  30. Access to family planning contributes up to a 44% reduction in maternal deaths. Since the majority of unplanned pregnancies and abortions occur in women who were either not using contraception or not using it ...

    Authors: Khaing Nwe Tin, Thae Maung Maung and Thiri Win

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:20

    Content type: Research

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  31. Postpartum sexual health and practice need to be integrated in the current maternal healthcare services to address sexual health problems. However, postpartum sexual practice has received little attention, and...

    Authors: Birye Dessalegn Mekonnen

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:19

    Content type: Research

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  32. University students are one of the most vulnerable groups to sexual reproductive health [SRH] threats like sexually transmitted infections [STIs], unwanted pregnancies, and unsafe abortions and often have limi...

    Authors: Elly Nuwamanya, Robinah Nalwanga, Afra Nuwasiima, Janet U. Babigumira, Francis T. Asiimwe, Joseph B. Babigumira and Vitalis P. Ngambouk

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:31

    Content type: Research

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  33. Over the years, family planning uptake in Nigeria has remained low and this is as a result of the various challenges and barriers faced by women. The aim of this study was to systematically review studies on f...

    Authors: Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike, Ijeoma Nkem Okedo-Alex, Irene Ifeyinwa Eze, Obumneme Benaiah Ezeanosike and Chigozie Jesse Uneke

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:30

    Content type: Research

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  34. Despite improving the availability and use of Implants, discontinuation is becoming a public health concern. A significant proportion of women discontinuing the service before its due date, which is of concern...

    Authors: Belay Amare Abebe and Mulu Reda Terefe

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:29

    Content type: Research

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  35. The study was conducted to prospectively examine how pregnancy intendedness and prenatal provider counseling about postpartum contraceptive options are associated with lack of contraception use at 6 months pos...

    Authors: Karina M. Shreffler, Stacy Tiemeyer, Jameca R. Price and Lance T. Frye

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:28

    Content type: Research

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  36. Unintended pregnancy constitutes a significant public health challenge in sub-Saharan Africa and particularly among young people, who are more likely to closely space births and experience adverse obstetric ou...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Francis Appiah, Eugene Budu, Collins Adu, Yaa Boahemaa Gyasi Aderoju, Faustina Adoboi and Anthony Idowu Ajayi

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:27

    Content type: Research

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  37. Even if anemia is a worldwide public health problem affecting numerous people in all age groups, particularly the burden of the problem is higher among pregnant women. Anemia is estimated to contribute to more...

    Authors: Gemechu Kejela, Aga Wakgari, Tariku Tesfaye, Ebisa Turi, Moa Adugna, Netsanet Alemu and Latera Jebessa

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:26

    Content type: Research

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  38. Despite its great effectiveness, safety and convenience for women who do not wish to have more children; female sterilization method uptake in Uganda is very low. This study aimed at establishing factors assoc...

    Authors: Paula Anita, Abel Nzabona and Richard Tuyiragize

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:25

    Content type: Research

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  39. Despite Ethiopia’s government’s commitment to alleviating unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion by increasing holistic reproductive health service accessibility, the rate of unwanted pregnancy among female st...

    Authors: Rekiku Fikre, Belay Amare, Alemu Tamiso and Akalewold Alemayehu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:18

    Content type: Review

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  40. Unintended pregnancy is a major global issue. Women who experience an unintended pregnancy have a significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Additionally, these women also experience substantial financial ha...

    Authors: Michele Troutman, Saima Rafique and Torie Comeaux Plowden

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:16

    Content type: Review

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  41. Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan African countries with high maternal mortality and morbidity, unsafe abortion and adolescent births. Despite different policy measures taken by the government to improve sexu...

    Authors: Dereje Mesfin

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:15

    Content type: Research

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  42. Family planning is a cost-effective strategy for achieving population development. Family planning uptake is low in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. We assessed the perception, pattern of use, partner su...

    Authors: Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike, Ugochukwu Chinyem Madubueze, Ijeoma Nkem Okedo-Alex, Chika Julius Anyigor, Benedict Ndubueze Azuogu, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo and Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:14

    Content type: Research

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  43. Homelessness is a significant and growing problem in the United States. Women experiencing homelessness face unique challenges as they have high rates of unintended pregnancy. They often face significant barri...

    Authors: Elizabeth Corey, Stephanie Frazin, Samantha Heywood and Sadia Haider

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:12

    Content type: Research

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  44. Women working in Cambodian garment factories have unmet needs for family planning (contraception and safe abortion) services, because of their background and living conditions. This study describes their exper...

    Authors: Chisato Masuda, Elisa Oreglia, Sokhey Ly, Megan McLaren, Caroline Free, Camille Tijamo, Amra Ou, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Amy Williamson and Chris Smith

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:11

    Content type: Research

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  45. In low and middle-income countries, 95% of postpartum women want to avoid a pregnancy for 2 years, but 70% are not using contraception. Delay in use of contraception by couples during postpartum period can res...

    Authors: Biruktawit Fekade Woldu, Tadesse Lelago Ermolo, Lidiya Gutema Lemu and Negeso Gebeyehu Gejo

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:10

    Content type: Research

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  46. Long acting reversible contraceptive methods are highly effective, safe and provide uninterrupted protection to women for 3 to 12 years, yet are little used in the Ethiopia. Assessment of the utilization and p...

    Authors: Aklilu Tilahun, Amanuel Yoseph and Mesay Hailu Dangisso

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:9

    Content type: Research

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  47. In Ethiopia, people with disabilities face socioeconomic disadvantages and they have a limited access to sexual and reproductive health information including family planning service. At present, however, there...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Alebachew Demelash Bayleyegn, Yared Asmare Aynalem, Tigist Demssew Adane, Mikyas Arega Muluneh and Meaza Asefa

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:8

    Content type: Research

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