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  1. The study was conducted to prospectively examine how pregnancy intendedness and prenatal provider counseling about postpartum contraceptive options are associated with lack of contraception use at 6 months pos...

    Authors: Karina M. Shreffler, Stacy Tiemeyer, Jameca R. Price and Lance T. Frye

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:28

    Content type: Research

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  2. Unintended pregnancy constitutes a significant public health challenge in sub-Saharan Africa and particularly among young people, who are more likely to closely space births and experience adverse obstetric ou...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Francis Appiah, Eugene Budu, Collins Adu, Yaa Boahemaa Gyasi Aderoju, Faustina Adoboi and Anthony Idowu Ajayi

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:27

    Content type: Research

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  3. Even if anemia is a worldwide public health problem affecting numerous people in all age groups, particularly the burden of the problem is higher among pregnant women. Anemia is estimated to contribute to more...

    Authors: Gemechu Kejela, Aga Wakgari, Tariku Tesfaye, Ebisa Turi, Moa Adugna, Netsanet Alemu and Latera Jebessa

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:26

    Content type: Research

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  4. Despite its great effectiveness, safety and convenience for women who do not wish to have more children; female sterilization method uptake in Uganda is very low. This study aimed at establishing factors assoc...

    Authors: Paula Anita, Abel Nzabona and Richard Tuyiragize

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:25

    Content type: Research

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  5. Despite Ethiopia’s government’s commitment to alleviating unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion by increasing holistic reproductive health service accessibility, the rate of unwanted pregnancy among female st...

    Authors: Rekiku Fikre, Belay Amare, Alemu Tamiso and Akalewold Alemayehu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:18

    Content type: Review

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  6. Unintended pregnancy is a major global issue. Women who experience an unintended pregnancy have a significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Additionally, these women also experience substantial financial ha...

    Authors: Michele Troutman, Saima Rafique and Torie Comeaux Plowden

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:16

    Content type: Review

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  7. Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan African countries with high maternal mortality and morbidity, unsafe abortion and adolescent births. Despite different policy measures taken by the government to improve sexu...

    Authors: Dereje Mesfin

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:15

    Content type: Research

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  8. Family planning is a cost-effective strategy for achieving population development. Family planning uptake is low in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. We assessed the perception, pattern of use, partner su...

    Authors: Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike, Ugochukwu Chinyem Madubueze, Ijeoma Nkem Okedo-Alex, Chika Julius Anyigor, Benedict Ndubueze Azuogu, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo and Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:14

    Content type: Research

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  9. Homelessness is a significant and growing problem in the United States. Women experiencing homelessness face unique challenges as they have high rates of unintended pregnancy. They often face significant barri...

    Authors: Elizabeth Corey, Stephanie Frazin, Samantha Heywood and Sadia Haider

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:12

    Content type: Research

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  10. Women working in Cambodian garment factories have unmet needs for family planning (contraception and safe abortion) services, because of their background and living conditions. This study describes their exper...

    Authors: Chisato Masuda, Elisa Oreglia, Sokhey Ly, Megan McLaren, Caroline Free, Camille Tijamo, Amra Ou, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Amy Williamson and Chris Smith

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:11

    Content type: Research

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  11. In low and middle-income countries, 95% of postpartum women want to avoid a pregnancy for 2 years, but 70% are not using contraception. Delay in use of contraception by couples during postpartum period can res...

    Authors: Biruktawit Fekade Woldu, Tadesse Lelago Ermolo, Lidiya Gutema Lemu and Negeso Gebeyehu Gejo

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:10

    Content type: Research

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  12. Long acting reversible contraceptive methods are highly effective, safe and provide uninterrupted protection to women for 3 to 12 years, yet are little used in the Ethiopia. Assessment of the utilization and p...

    Authors: Aklilu Tilahun, Amanuel Yoseph and Mesay Hailu Dangisso

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:9

    Content type: Research

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  13. In Ethiopia, people with disabilities face socioeconomic disadvantages and they have a limited access to sexual and reproductive health information including family planning service. At present, however, there...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Alebachew Demelash Bayleyegn, Yared Asmare Aynalem, Tigist Demssew Adane, Mikyas Arega Muluneh and Meaza Asefa

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:8

    Content type: Research

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  14. Consuming oral contraceptive pills is one of the methods for preventing pregnancy worldwide. As using the pills has always caused the greatest concern for the likelihood of developing cardiovascular diseases a...

    Authors: Zahra Momeni, Ali Dehghani, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Moslem Koohgardi, Maryam Dafei, Seyed Hossein Hekmatimoghaddam and Masoud Mohammadi

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:7

    Content type: Research

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  15. Ethiopia is the second populous country in Africa with a total fertility rate of 4.6 and contraceptive prevalence of 35%, where implant and intrauterine contraceptive devices account for 8 and 2% respectively....

    Authors: Desalegn Tsegaw Hibstu and Akalewold Alemayehu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:6

    Content type: Research

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  16. Men in developing countries play an important role in the adoption of family planning (FP), either as actual users or supporters of their partners. Notwithstanding the universal knowledge on the contraceptive ...

    Authors: Judith Msovela, Anna Tengia–Kessy, Susan F. Rumisha, Daudi O. Simba, David P. Urassa and Gernard Msamanga

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:3

    Content type: Research

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  17. Seventy-five percent of incarcerated women are of reproductive age, most of whom are at-risk for unintended pregnancy. Women who are incarcerated come disproportionately from socioeconomically disadvantaged ba...

    Authors: Mishka S. Peart and Andrea K. Knittel

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:2

    Content type: Review

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  18. This study compared a needle-free anesthesia method with traditional local anesthesia for insertion and removal of Nexplanon® long-acting removable contraceptive device. In our clinic, patients often avoid thi...

    Authors: G. Anthony Wilson, Julie W. Jeter, William S. Dabbs, Amy Barger Stevens, Robert E. Heidel and Shaunta’ M. Chamberlin

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:1

    Content type: Research

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  19. Long-acting and permanent contraceptive methods have clear advantages over short-acting methods of contraception that benefit both clients and health systems. Despite this importance, studies show that the pro...

    Authors: Markos Desalegn, Ayele Belachew, Muluken Gizaw, Gemechu Kejela and Robsan Gudeta

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:22

    Content type: Research

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  20. To compare ovulation rates between Letrozole and Clomiphene Citrate (CC) using a stair-step protocol to achieve ovulation induction in women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).

    Authors: S. Thomas, I. Woo, J. Ho, T. Jones, R. Paulson, K. Chung and K. Bendikson

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:20

    Content type: Research

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  21. Family planning plays a key role in improving the health of the mother and the child. Yet there are still significant levels of demand for family planning that are unmet and these can lead to unintended pregna...

    Authors: Alemu Kebede, Sileshi G. Abaya, Elias Merdassa and Tariku Tesfaye Bekuma

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:21

    Content type: Research

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  22. Existing estimates of contraceptive use in Tanzania rely on cross-sectional or retrospective study designs. This study used a 2-year, retrospective, month-by-month calendar of contraceptive utilization among w...

    Authors: Wende Safari, Mark Urassa, Baltazar Mtenga, John Changalucha, James Beard, Kathryn Church, Basia Zaba and Jim Todd

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:18

    Content type: Research

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  23. Although promoting postabortion family planning is very important and effective strategy to avert unwanted pregnancy, less attention was given to it in Ethiopia. Thus, this study aimed to assess contraceptive ...

    Authors: Anteneh Mekuria, Hordofa Gutema, Habtamu Wondiye and Million Abera

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:19

    Content type: Research

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  24. Postpartum contraception is important for spacing and limiting childbirth. Although the use of modern contraception has been shown to reduce maternal and child morbidities and mortalities, postpartum women hav...

    Authors: Jonathan Ian Coomson and Abubakar Manu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:17

    Content type: Research

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  25. Even though the modern contraceptive use was improved in Ethiopia, the utilization of long-acting family planning services is still low because of numerous factors. The aim of this systematic review was to syn...

    Authors: Tamirat Tesfaye Dasa, Teshager Worku Kassie, Aklilu Abrham Roba, Elias Bekele Wakwoya and Henna Umer Kelel

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:14

    Content type: Review

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  26. Unmet need for modern contraceptive remains a critical reproductive health challenge in Nigeria. Numerous studies in Nigeria and other countries have investigated the patterns, prevalence and associated factor...

    Authors: Bola Lukman Solanke, Funmilola Folasade Oyinlola, Olaoye James Oyeleye and Benjamin Bukky Ilesanmi

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:11

    Content type: Research

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  27. This study was conducted to test the acceptability and utilization of family planning benefits cards (FPBCs) as incentives to increase family planning uptake among youth living in urban slums in Uganda.

    Authors: Afra Nuwasiima, Elly Nuwamanya, Janet U. Babigumira, Robinah Nalwanga, Francis T. Asiimwe and Joseph B. Babigumira

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:10

    Content type: Research

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  28. Long acting and permanent contraceptives methods are more effective, save cost and enable women to control their reproductive lives better. Although the Ethiopian government is promoting its use through variou...

    Authors: Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu, Akinyinka O. Omigbodun, Olumuyiwa A. Roberts and Alemayehu Worku Yalew

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:9

    Content type: Research

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  29. Unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurred when no children were desired or earlier than desired. One in three births in Ethiopia were unintended, which is major contributor to maternal morbidity and mo...

    Authors: Girma Alemayehu Beyene

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:8

    Content type: Research

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  30. An intrauterine device (IUD) is a well-accepted means of reversible contraception. Migration of IUD to the bladder through partial or complete perforation has been rarely reported. This phenomenon could be str...

    Authors: Masnoureh Vahdat, Mansoureh Gorginzadeh, Ashraf Sadat Mousavi, Elaheh Afshari and Mohammad Ali Ghaed

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:7

    Content type: Case Report

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  31. Since the approval of medical abortion in Cambodia in 2010, the proportion of women reporting an abortion has increased. We describe the characteristics and contraceptive outcomes of women seeking medical abor...

    Authors: Chris Smith, Rachel H. Scott, Caroline Free and Tansy Edwards

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:5

    Content type: Research

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  32. Birth spacing is the time gaps between two consecutive life births. Optimal spacing until the next pregnancy is the resting period that allows the mother time to recover from pregnancy, and labor. Birth interv...

    Authors: Girma Bacha Ayane, Kalkidan Wondwossen Desta, Birhanu Wondimeneh Demissie, Netsanet Abera Assefa and Emebet Berhane Woldemariam

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:4

    Content type: Research

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  33. With the advancement of antiretroviral therapy and improved life expectancy, women living with HIV/AIDS are enjoying a better sexual life. Yet, the consistent utilization of contraceptive in such patients is h...

    Authors: Amanual Getnet Mersha, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie and Tadesse Melaku Abegaz

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:3

    Content type: Research

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  34. Documentary evidence points to high unmet need for family planning across sub-Saharan Africa. Modern contraceptive use has been staggering over decades with unacceptable marginal increases given that one in th...

    Authors: Joseph K. Wulifan, Jacob Mazalale, Christabel Kambala, William Angko, Job Asante, Stephen Kpinpuo and Albino Kalolo

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:2

    Content type: Research

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  35. Emergency contraception, if used properly, can prevent up to over 95 % of unwanted and mistimed pregnancies. However, a number of obstacle including healthcare providers knowledge, perception, and attitude tow...

    Authors: Shamsudeen Mohammed, Abdul-Malik Abdulai and Osman Abu Iddrisu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:1

    Content type: Research

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  36. Closely spaced pregnancies within the first year postpartum increases the risk of death for both the mother and baby. Many countries recommend providing pregnant women with post-partum family planning counsell...

    Authors: Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Mesganaw Fanthahun Afework and Alemayehu Worku Yalew

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:28

    Content type: Research

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  37. Federal and clinical guidelines support integration of reproductive life planning in the care of female patients to aid in the reduction of unplanned pregnancies. A multitude of tools have been created to help...

    Authors: Maureen K. Baldwin, Patricia Overcarsh, Ashlesha Patel, Lindsay Zimmerman and Alison Edelman

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:21

    Content type: Commentary

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  38. Ethiopia is a Sub Saharan African country with an estimated contraceptive prevalence rate of 36% and 22% unmet need for family planning service among married women. Client satisfaction influences the use of Fa...

    Authors: Woineshet Asrat, Teferi Mekonnen and Melkamu Bedimo

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:25

    Content type: Research

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  39. Several state Medicaid agencies have recently started reimbursing for long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) placement immediately postpartum. Women’s perspectives are critical for ensuring that this chan...

    Authors: Carla L. DeSisto, Arden Handler, Sadia Haider, Rachel Caskey, Nadine Peacock, Melissa Kottke and Kristin Rankin

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:19

    Content type: Research

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  40. Women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) are at risk for development of both overt Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) at higher rates and at earlier ages than control women. Curr...

    Authors: Neetu K. Sodhi and Anita L. Nelson

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:27

    Content type: Research

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  41. Rwanda has made significant strides in improving the health of its people, including increasing access to and use of family planning. Contraceptive use has increased from 17% to 53% in just one decade, from 20...

    Authors: Hilary M. Schwandt, Seth Feinberg, Akrofi Akotiah, Tong Yuan Douville, Elliot V. Gardner, Claudette Imbabazi, Erin McQuin, Maha Mohamed, Alexis Rugoyera, Diuedonné Musemakweli, Cliff Wes Nichols, Nelly Uwajeneza Nyangezi, Joshua Serrano Arizmendi, Doopashika Welikala, Benjamin Yamuragiye and Liliana Zigo

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:18

    Content type: Research

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