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  1. The intrauterine device (IUD) is a highly effective form of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) with few contraindications. Users, however, often encounter barriers to desired removal. IUD self-removal...

    Authors: Francesca Collins, Kelly Gilmore, Kelsey A. Petrie and Lyndsey S. Benson
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2022 7:10
  2. Family planning for HIV-positive women has numerous advantages. However, the need of family planning utilization is challenged by women’s nonautonomous decision-making power. Therefore, this study aimed to exa...

    Authors: Hiwot Dejene, Derara Girma, Leta Adugna and Bilisumamulifna Tefera
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2022 7:9
  3. Papua New Guinea has one of the lowest contraceptive prevalence rates among women of reproductive age in the Western Pacific Region and this makes contraceptive discontinuation in this country a critical publi...

    Authors: Louis Kobina Dadzie, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Justice Kanor Tetteh, Tarif Salihu, Joshua Okyere and Sanni Yaya
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2022 7:8
  4. Adolescents and youths in Ethiopia have limited access to reproductive health services designed to address their needs. Therefore, the study aims to assess adolescents' and youth’s sexual practice, contracepti...

    Authors: Gudina Terefe Tucho, Netsanet Workneh, Mubarek Abera and Jemal Abafita
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2022 7:7
  5. Unmet need for contraception refers to the proportion of women who want to postpone or stop childbearing but are not using a contraceptive method. Addressing unmet need is especially important for women with m...

    Authors: Negalign Mechal, Mustefa Negash, Hailemichael Bizuneh and Ferid A. Abubeker
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2022 7:6
  6. Premarital sexual practice is sexual intercourse performed before formal marriage. Pre-marital sexual practice increases adolescents’ risk for having multiple sexual partners, (sexually transmitted disease) ST...

    Authors: Bayisa Biratu, Sileshi Garoma, Motuma Getachew and Markos Desalegn
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2022 7:4
  7. This paper looks at how contraceptive prescribing by General Practices in England was affected by the COVID-19pandemic and lockdown. It compares English prescribing data in April – June 2019, the year before C...

    Authors: Susan H. Walker
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2022 7:3
  8. Unmet need for family planning is the main obstacle to achieve healthy timing and desired number of children. Decreasing the unmet need for FP respects and protects human right and help to decrease the influen...

    Authors: Melsew Setegn Alie, Gossa Fetene Abebe and Yilkal Negesse
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2022 7:2
  9. Emergency contraception (EC) is a method used to avoid pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse. Emergency contraceptives can reduce the risk of unintended pregnancy by up to over 95% when taken within 7...

    Authors: Kelvin Amaniampong Kwame, Luchuo Engelbert Bain, Emmanuel Manu and Elvis Enowbeyang Tarkang
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2022 7:1
  10. Literature is satiated with studies focusing on knowledge, attitude, and practices of family planning (FP) among the female population, conversely, the gaps in sex-disaggregated data on FP continue to exist. T...

    Authors: Afra Nuwasiima, Agnes Watsemba, Allan Eyapu, Peter Kaddu and Justin Loiseau
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:23
  11. In sub-Saharan Africa, the majority of women of reproductive age who want to avoid pregnancy do not use any method of contraception. This study sought to determine the factors associated with  modern contracep...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Eugene Budu, Richard Gyan Aboagye, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Francis Arthur-Holmes, Collins Adu, Anita Gracious Archer, Yaa Boahemaa Gyasi Aderoju and Abdul-Aziz Seidu
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:22
  12. Malawi is one of the countries in SSA with the highest TFR. This study aimed to explore factors associated with modern contraceptive use and intention to use contraceptives among women of reproductive ages (15...

    Authors: James Forty, Serai Daniel Rakgoasi and Mpho Keetile
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:21
  13. Each year, the current level of modern contraceptive use averts 188 million unintended pregnancies, which in turn results in 112 million fewer abortions. Of the 867 million women in the developing world who ar...

    Authors: Gebremaryam Temesgen Birgoda, Haftom Gebrehiwot, Sultan Hussen Hebo, Birhane Hagos, Genet Assefa, Negussie Boti Sidamo and Mulugeta Shegaze Shembri
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:20
  14. Dual contraceptive is the use of a barrier like condom along with any modern contraceptive methods which has double significance for the prevention STI including HIV and unintended pregnancy. The prevalence an...

    Authors: Alemu Degu Ayele, Bekalu Getnet Kassa, Fentahun Yenealem Beyene, Dagne Addisu Sewyew and Gedefaye Nibret Mihretie
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:19
  15. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa, known for its high fertility and low contraceptive use. The magnitude of contraceptive use in the emerging regions of the country is below the national a...

    Authors: Delayehu Bekele, Feiruz Surur, Balkachew Nigatu, Alula Teklu, Tewodros Getinet, Munir Kassa, Merhawi Gebremedhin, Berhe Gebremichael and Yonas Abesha
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:18
  16. Syria has made progress in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity before the conflict in 2011. Despite the improvement in antenatal care (ANC) coverage and patterns of use, analyses of national surveys demo...

    Authors: Rima Mourtada, Hyam Bashour and Fiona Houben
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:17
  17. Men involvement is one of the important factors in family planning (FP) service utilization. Their limitation in the family planning program causes a decrease in service utilization as well as the discontinuat...

    Authors: Lemessa Assefa, Zemenu Shasho, Habtamu Kebebe Kasaye, Edao Tesa, Ebisa Turi and Ginenus Fekadu
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:16
  18. Postpartum contraceptive discontinuation refers to cessation of use following initiation after delivery within 1 year postpartum. Discontinuation of use has been associated with an increased unmet need for fam...

    Authors: Michael J. Mahande, Ryoko Sato, Caroline Amour, Rachel Manongi, Amina Farah, Sia E. Msuya, Bilikisu Elewonibi and Iqbal Shah
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:15
  19. People living with HIV (PLHIV) receive free antiretroviral treatment (ART) in public health facilities of India. With improved life expectancy, unmet sexual and reproductive health needs of PLHIV have to be ad...

    Authors: Beena Joshi, Bhushan Girase, Siddesh Shetty, Vinita Verma, Shrikala Acharya, Pramod Deoraj, Ragini Kulkarni and Shahina Begum
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:14
  20. Subdermal etonogestrel implants are highly effective contraceptive methods. Despite standardization of insertion technique by the manufacturer, some implants are inadvertently placed too deeply within or below...

    Authors: Justin E. Hellwinkel, Matthew W. Konigsberg, Johana Oviedo, Paula M. Castaño and R. Kumar Kadiyala
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:13
  21. Exposure of mothers to negative moods and stress before childbirth leads to negative consequences for the infants. Given the importance of psychological health, this study aimed to examine the effect of these ...

    Authors: Sara Dokuhaki, Fateme Dokuhaki and Marzieh Akbarzadeh
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:12
  22. Although women in South Asia and South-east Asia have developed their knowledge regarding modern contraceptive and other family planning techniques, limited information exists on the influence of mass media ex...

    Authors: Pranta Das, Nandeeta Samad, Hasan Al Banna, Temitayo Eniola Sodunke, John Elvis Hagan Jr, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah and Abdul-Aziz Seidu
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:11
  23. Maternal mortality tragedy is the issue of both developed and developing countries, especially sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia, which is due to poor quality of maternal health care services. Therefore fa...

    Authors: Gurmessa Daba, Jembere Tesfaye Deressa and Workinesh Sinishaw
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:10
  24. Postpartum intrauterine device (PPIUD) use refers to intrauterine device (IUD) insertion after delivery but within 48 h of birth. In Uganda, the general use of modern methods of contraception is low with < 1% ...

    Authors: Joy Muhumuza, Richard Migisha, Joseph Ngonzi, Musa Kayondo and Godfrey Mugyenyi
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:7
  25. Contraception allows women to realize their human right to decide if and when to have children and helps people to attain their desired family size. Yet 214 million women of a reproductive age in developing co...

    Authors: Biresaw Wassihun, Kidist Wosen, Asmare Getie, Kalkidan Belay, Rehal Tesfaye, Tewodros Tadesse, Yosef Alemayehu, Manaye Yihune, Addis Aklilu, Kassahun Gebayehu and Shegaw Zeleke
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:6
  26. This paper provides estimates of contraceptive discontinuation and failure rates in a poor urban setting in Ghana. Contraceptive use is for the purposes of preventing unintended or mistimed pregnancies. Unfort...

    Authors: Ayaga A. Bawah, Ryoko Sato, Patrick Asuming, Elizabeth G. Henry, Caesar Agula, Charles Agyei-Asabere, David Canning and Iqbal Shah
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:9
  27. Despite calls to increase contraceptive use among adolescents and youth, large gaps still exist, creating an unmet need for family planning. Past research has focused on barriers to seeking a method. There is ...

    Authors: Elynn Kann Sanchez, Courtney McGuire, Lisa M. Calhoun, Gwyn Hainsworth and Ilene S. Speizer
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:8
  28. Postpartum intrauterine device (PPIUCD) utilization remains very low in Ethiopia beside high levels of unmet need for postpartum family planning even if nongovernmental organizations efforts to promote its use...

    Authors: Yohannes Fikadu Geda, Seid Mohammed Nejaga, Mesfin Abebe Belete, Semarya Berhe Lemlem and Addishiwet Fantahun Adamu
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:4
  29. Since the introduction of the first modern contraceptive methods, the interlink between bleeding control and contraceptive development has been a dominant and critical factor. This interplay has led to the dev...

    Authors: Donna Shoupe
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:3
  30. Despite endorsements supporting the use of intrauterine devices (IUDs) for adolescents and young adult women (AYA), they have limited knowledge about them Male partners can influence contraceptive decisions, h...

    Authors: Aanchal Sharma, Edward McCabe, Sona Jani, Anthony Gonzalez, Seleshi Demissie and April Lee
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:2
  31. The insertion of Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (PPIUD) for the purpose of contraception immediately after delivery is becoming popular in countries where the use of IUD for contraception has been extremely...

    Authors: Projestine Selestine Muganyizi, Grasiana Festus Kimario, France John Rwegoshora, Ponsian Patrick Paul and Anita Makins
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2021 6:1
  32. Provision of post abortion contraception following an abortion is an excellent opportunity to address unmet family planning needs of women. In Ethiopia, post abortion family planning is minimal and underutiliz...

    Authors: Enyew Abate, Yolanda R. Smith, Walelign Kindie, Addisu Girma and Yonas Girma
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:39
  33. Globally, approximately half of all pregnancies occur before 24 months after child birth. In Sub Saharan Africa the unmet need for family planning is highest among postpartum women. There is a dearth of inform...

    Authors: Kiondo Solomon Kiondo, Eusebious Maro, Sophia Kiwango, Julius Pius Alloyce, Benjamin C. Shayo and Michael Johnson Mahande
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:24
  34. In the last decade, (2000–2019), the modern contraceptive prevalence among married women of reproductive age (14–49 years), has increased by only 2.1%. The slow progress was due to limited access to services a...

    Authors: Mesele Damte Argaw, Hailemariam Segni Abawollo, Binyam Fekadu Desta, Zergu Taffesse Tsegaye, Dejene Mengistu Belete and Melkamu Getu Abebe
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:23
  35. Women have unfair share in the burden of unintended pregnancy outcome and unhealthy interpregnancy intervals. An understanding of the triggers, ideation and motivational factors influencing utilization of mode...

    Authors: Kehinde Osinowo, Michael Ekholuenetale, Oluwaseun Ojomo, Abiodun Hassan and Oladapo Alabi Ladipo
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:38
  36. Knowledge of abortion law is a key determinant of the utilization of safe abortion services. Neglecting it can lead to high social and economic costs, both immediately and in the future. One of the major reaso...

    Authors: Mulugeta Mekuria, Dechasa Daba, Teka Girma and Adamu Birhanu
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:37
  37. Family planning services have been available at no cost in the public health settings of South Africa since 1994, and now include the long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) namely, the contraceptive imp...

    Authors: Kim Jonas, Moira Kalichman, Seth Kalichman, Chelsea Morroni and Catherine Mathews
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:36
  38. Women who use contraceptive methods sometimes stop early, use methods intermittently, or switched contraceptive methods. All these events (discontinuations and switching) contribute to the occurrence of unwant...

    Authors: Abou Coulibaly, Tieba Millogo, Adama Baguiya, Nguyen Toan Tran, Rachel Yodi, Armando Seuc, Asa Cuzin-Kihl, Blandine Thieba, Sihem Landoulsi, James Kiarie, Désiré Mashinda Kulimba and Séni Kouanda
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:35
  39. Age difference among spouses can be considered as an indicator of the nature of the marital bond, and influences the couple’s fertility expectations. The age difference is one of the features of the traditiona...

    Authors: Sena Belina Kitila, Yonas Biratu Terfa, Adugna Olani Akuma, Ayantu Kebede Olika and Alemi Kebede Olika
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:34
  40. Unwanted pregnancy is a significant public health problem worldwide. In higher education, students are exposed to the risk of unintended pregnancy, abortion, and its related negative consequences.

    Authors: Tadesse Wuletaw Demissie, Araya Mesfin Nigatu and Getnet Mihretie Beyene
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:33
  41. Unmet need refers to fecund women who either wish to postpone the next birth (spacers) or who wish to stop childbearing (limiters) but are not using a contraceptive method. Many women who are sexually active w...

    Authors: Solomon Adanew Worku, Yohannes Moges Mittiku and Abate Dargie Wubetu
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:21
  42. The use of modern contraceptives among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains an issue that needs urgent attention. This present study assesses the individual and contextua...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:32
  43. Universal access to family planning has been emphasized by the international development agenda, as evident in the Sustainable Development Goal 3.7. This notwithstanding, the use of modern contraceptives has b...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Louis Kobina Dadzie, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Justice Kanor Tetteh and Sanni Yaya
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:22
  44. Access to family planning contributes up to a 44% reduction in maternal deaths. Since the majority of unplanned pregnancies and abortions occur in women who were either not using contraception or not using it ...

    Authors: Khaing Nwe Tin, Thae Maung Maung and Thiri Win
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:20
  45. Postpartum sexual health and practice need to be integrated in the current maternal healthcare services to address sexual health problems. However, postpartum sexual practice has received little attention, and...

    Authors: Birye Dessalegn Mekonnen
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:19
  46. University students are one of the most vulnerable groups to sexual reproductive health [SRH] threats like sexually transmitted infections [STIs], unwanted pregnancies, and unsafe abortions and often have limi...

    Authors: Elly Nuwamanya, Robinah Nalwanga, Afra Nuwasiima, Janet U. Babigumira, Francis T. Asiimwe, Joseph B. Babigumira and Vitalis P. Ngambouk
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:31
  47. Over the years, family planning uptake in Nigeria has remained low and this is as a result of the various challenges and barriers faced by women. The aim of this study was to systematically review studies on f...

    Authors: Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike, Ijeoma Nkem Okedo-Alex, Irene Ifeyinwa Eze, Obumneme Benaiah Ezeanosike and Chigozie Jesse Uneke
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:30
  48. Despite improving the availability and use of Implants, discontinuation is becoming a public health concern. A significant proportion of women discontinuing the service before its due date, which is of concern...

    Authors: Belay Amare Abebe and Mulu Reda Terefe
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2020 5:29