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  1. Modern contraceptive has been identified as a key strategy to control unintended pregnancy, protect the health of the mother and child, and promote women wellbeing. Despite this and increasingly wider availabi...

    Authors: Fassikaw Kebede Bizuneh, Tsehay Kebede Bizuneh, Seteamlak Adane Masresha and Berihun Mulu Yayeh
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:56
  2. Unintended pregnancy is a leading cause of maternal mortality associated with abortion, inadequate contraceptive use, contraceptive failure, and contraceptive discontinuation in low- and middle-income countrie...

    Authors: Kelemu Abebe Gelaw, Yibeletal Assefa Atalay and Natnael Atnafu Gebeyehu
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:55
  3. Over 4.5 million women worldwide have used Implanon. It plays an important role in reducing unwanted conceptions, lowering maternal mortality, and enhancing child survival. As a result, the availability of fam...

    Authors: Samuel Ejeta Chibsa, Kenbon Bayisa, Mustefa Adem Hussen and Bilisumamulifna Tefera Kefeni
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:54
  4. The first twelve months after a woman has given birth is crucial for the use of contraceptives to prevent unintended pregnancy. Most women, especially in developing countries, do not realize that they are at r...

    Authors: Rut Oljira, Temesgen Tilahun, Gashaw Tiruneh, Tariku Tesfaye Bekuma, Motuma Getachew, Assefa Seme, Ayantu Getahun, Lemane Dereje, Alemnesh Mosisa and Ebisa Turi
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:53
  5. Family planning (FP) is known to bring multiple benefits to people both individually and collectively. Individually, FP has been associated with reduction in risk of unintended pregnancy which also correlates ...

    Authors: Reuben Christopher Moyo and Dumisani Nkhoma
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:52
  6. Authors: Agery Bameka, Othman Kakaire, Dan Kabonge Kaye and Fatuma Namusoke
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:51

    The original article was published in Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:27

  7. Worldwide, unintended pregnancies remain a critical public health challenge, with 74 million women in low- and middle-income countries getting these pregnancies yearly. The African continent alone contributes ...

    Authors: Ronald Arineitwe Kibonire and David D. Mphuthi
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:50
  8. Male involvement plays a critical role in the utilization of various sexual and reproductive health services. We explored enablers and barriers of male involvement in the use of modern family planning methods ...

    Authors: Atkinson Tekakwo, Rose Chalo Nabirye, Ritah Nantale, Faith Oguttu, Brendah Nambozo, Solomon Wani, Milton W. Musaba, David Mukunya and Joshua Epuitai
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:49
  9. The interlink between bleeding control and contraceptive development has always been an important factor. But after many years of advances in contraceptive technology, this interplay has resulted in developmen...

    Authors: Donna Shoupe
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:48
  10. South Africa faces numerous sexual and reproductive health challenges that can be mitigated with contraceptive use. Contraceptive use is defined and measured as use, non-use, or discontinued use. Research has ...

    Authors: Yolandie Kriel, Cecilia Milford, Joanna Paula Cordero, Fatima Suleman, Petrus S. Steyn and Jennifer Ann Smit
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:47
  11. Despite tremendous work has been done on demand creation, capacity building and ensuring the logistics of Implanon; its discontinuation rate remained high in Ethiopia; the prevalence is reported to be 31% in S...

    Authors: Bikila Lencha, Sintayehu Gabisa Daba, Junayde Abdurahmen Ahmed, Asefa Washo, Girma Beressa, Aster Yalew and Gemechu Ganfure
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:46
  12. A lack of male involvement in contraception can negatively affect its practice. To promote male participation in family planning, there is a dire need to understand male attributes that play a role in contrace...

    Authors: Terence A. Longla, Deda Ogum-Alangea, Adolphina Addo-Lartey, Adom A. Manu and Richard M.K. Adanu
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:45
  13. The initiation and use of family planning (FP) services within the first 12 months following childbirth, postpartum family planning (PPFP), promotes safe motherhood by reducing unintended pregnancies and ensur...

    Authors: Florence Nakaggwa, Derrick Kimuli, Kenneth Kasule, Justine Fay Katwesige, Denis Kintu, Rhobbinah Ssempebwa, Solome Sevume, Patrick Komakech, Norbert Mubiru, Baker Maggwa, Maria Augusta Carrasco, Norah Namuwenge, Rebecca N. Nsubuga, Barbara Amuron, Daraus Bukenya and Bonnie Wandera
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:44
  14. Family planning vouchers have emerged as a promising approach to improve coverage of underserved groups or underutilized services. The current study was designed to measure the residual/longer-term impact of t...

    Authors: Syed Khurram Azmat, Moazzam Ali and Md. Mizanur Rahman
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:43
  15. Metronidazole is known for its therapeutic effect as antibacterial and anti-parasitic. However, its toxicity on the reproductive system remains unclear. Metronidazole use in rodents is associates with toxic ef...

    Authors: Nipael M. Samson, Emmanuel Izack Sumari, Valence Ndesendo and Romuald Mbwasi
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:42
  16. Globally, approximately 290,000 women between the ages of 15 and 49 died from pregnancy-related problems in 2014 alone, with these sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 65% (179,000) of the deaths. Although studies ...

    Authors: Berhan Tsegaye Negash, Aklile Tsega Chekol and Mastewal Aschale Wale
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:40
  17. The relationship between composition of children and contraception use has received limited scholarly attention in sub-Saharan Africa. In this study, we examined the relationship between contraceptive methods,...

    Authors: Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Vicky Qi Wang, Godness Kye Biney, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Nicholas Kofi Adjei and Sanni Yaya
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:39
  18. Given high unmet need for contraception in Ethiopia, this study aimed to determine prevalence and factors associated with early discontinuation of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC).

    Authors: Adane Sisay, Abel Teshome, Hailemichael Bizuneh and Sarah D.Compton
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:38
  19. Healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy refers to the spacing between deliveries and subsequent pregnancies. The World Health Organization recommends waiting at least 24 months between the date of the live bir...

    Authors: Gebi Husein Jima, Jelle Stekelenburg, Hailu Fekadu, Tegbar Yigzaw Sendekie and Regien Biesma
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:37
  20. In sub-Saharan Africa, tubal factors are described as the main aetiological factors of infertility. Under these conditions, medically assisted procreation is particularly indicated. However, Assisted Reproduct...

    Authors: Jean-Didier Bosenge-Nguma, Antoine Modia O’yandjo, Juakali Sihalikyolo, Noël Labama Otuli, Kadima Ntokamunda, Batina Agasa and Katenga Bosunga
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:36
  21. The uptake of the modern contraceptive method provides chances for women and couples to reach optimal child spacing, achieve the desired family size and prevent unsafe abortions and maternal deaths. Despite th...

    Authors: Rehema Abdalla Abeid, Emmanuel Izack Sumari, Chunxiang Qin, Ally Abdul Lyimo and Godrian Aron Luttaay
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:35
  22. Adolescent girls, particularly in lower socioeconomic settings, lack adequate knowledge of menstrual hygiene management and have subpar hygiene habits. Likewise, the factors related to it have not been well ad...

    Authors: Wondimagegn Gebre, Endashaw Mandefro Kidane, Yohannes Mekuria Negussie, Mihiret Shawel Getahun, Nardos Tilahun Bekele and Abenet Menene Gurara
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:34
  23. Improving the quality of care has been a necessary goal for family planning programs worldwide. Even though extensive work has been done, the contraceptive prevalence rate is still low (41% in Ethiopia, 30.5% ...

    Authors: Legesse Abera, Ezira Ejigu, Mickiale Hailu, Daniel Tadesse and Abdu Omer
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:33
  24. It is crucial to ensure the quality of family planning (FP) services through women's informed choice during the provision of long-acting reversible contraceptives. In Ethiopia, previous studies have focused on...

    Authors: Beniyam Samuel, Berhan Tsegaye, Dubale Dulla, Amdehiwot Aynalem, Eskinder Israel and Meless Gebrie
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:32
  25. The disproportionate share of contraceptive use by women makes family planning services women-centric in India. The meagre and declining share of male-based contraceptive use, along with the overwhelming preva...

    Authors: Pradeep S. Salve and Chander Shekhar
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:31
  26. Identifying the determinants of long-acting contraceptive utilization and managing the sexual and reproductive health of HIV-infected women is critical to reducing HIV transmission and maternal mortality. Howe...

    Authors: Bilisumamulifna Tefera Kefeni, Sitota Tesfaye, Kenbon Bayisa, Ebissa Negara and Feyiso Bati
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:30
  27. Infertility remains a major clinical and social problem, affecting approximately one in every 10 couples. It is a reproductive health condition that is silently experienced with deep repercussions in the essen...

    Authors: Anthony Kolsabilik Kuug, Sindiwe James and Jardien-Baboo Sihaam
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:28
  28. High levels of unmet need for contraception and unwanted pregnancies are high in developing countries despite efforts to reduce them. Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods are more than 99% effec...

    Authors: Agery Bameka, Othman Kakaire, Dan Kabonge Kaye and Fatuma Namusoke
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:27

    The Correction to this article has been published in Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:51

  29. There is tremendous regional inequalities and low uptake of modern contraceptives particularly among young women (15–24 years), characterized by high fertility but high unmet need for contraceptives in Ethiopi...

    Authors: Mehari Woldemariam Merid, Anteneh Ayelign Kibret, Adugnaw Zeleke Alem, Melaku Hunie Asratie, Fantu Mamo Aragaw, Dagmawi Chilot and Daniel Gashaneh Belay
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:26
  30. Postpartum intrauterine contraceptives device (PPIUCD) offers an effective means of providing contraceptive services to women in countries with high rates of unmet needs for family planning services. However, ...

    Authors: Sneha Gupta, Romi Bansal, Harbhajan Kaur Shergill, Pradeep Sharma and Priyanka Garg
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:25
  31. Understanding decision-making for contraception initiation timing postpartum may help guide patients in selecting a contraceptive method most aligned with their reproductive goals. The objective of this study ...

    Authors: Abigail Davenport, Laura Morello and Kavita Shah Arora
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:24
  32. The under-five child mortality rate is a widely accepted indicator of the development of a country as well as reflects the country’s health care system and quality of life. Although the child mortality rate is...

    Authors: Golam Rabbi Khan, Abdul Baten and Md. Abul Kalam Azad
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:22
  33. Exposure of the female reproductive tract to either seminal plasma or fluid component of the ejaculate is beneficial to achieving successful embryo implantation and normal embryo development. But whether the “...

    Authors: Jin-Wei Hou, Li-Hua Yuan, Xian-Ling Cao, Jing-Yan Song and Zhen-Gao Sun
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:19
  34. Sexual and reproductive health is a major concern among adolescents and youth in Sri Lanka. The study was carried out to assess the knowledge, and practices of the youth trainees attached to youth training ins...

    Authors: D. Mataraarachchi, P. V. S. C. Vithana, A. Lokubalasooriya, C. J. Jayasundara, A. S. Suranutha, T. E. A. Pathirana and C. De Silva
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:18
  35. Existing studies established that safer sex negotiation influences contraceptive use, and women who are able to negotiate safer sex were expected to be contraceptive users. However, it is not certain that all ...

    Authors: Bola Lukman Solanke, Joseph Ayodeji Kupoluyi, Abayomi Folorunso Awoleye, Olusola Esther Adewole and Oyeyemi Bukola Babalola
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:17
  36. Uganda has a high population growth rate of 3%, partly due to limited access to and low usage of contraception. This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of the family planning benefits cards (FPBC) program c...

    Authors: Elly Nuwamanya, Joseph B. Babigumira and Mikael Svensson
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:21
  37. The unmet need for family planning remains a major public health concern in developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Similarly, in Ethiopia, the unmet need for family planning is considerably hi...

    Authors: Abiyu Ayalew Assefa, Samson G. Selassie, Abebayehu Mesele, Henok Bekele Kebede, Anteneh Fikrie and Geleta Abera
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:14
  38. Sustained motivation is essential for effective use of contraceptive methods by women in low- and middle-income countries as many women are likely to abandon contraceptives, especially when they continually ex...

    Authors: Ruth Ketty Kisuza, Saviour Kicaber, Derrick Bary Abila, Felix Bongomin and Christopher Orach Garimoi
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:12
  39. Unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) inclusive, have remained to be a significant public health challenges among young people, especially across m...

    Authors: Getrude W. Shitindi, Walter C. Millanzi and Patricia Z. Herman
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:16
  40. Contraceptives afford individuals the opportunity to meet their reproductive needs and reduce maternal mortality. We aimed at assessing the trend and inequalities of contraceptive use in Ghana based on the 199...

    Authors: Felix Mensah, Joshua Okyere, Simon Agongo Azure, Eugene Budu, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Abdul-Aziz Seidu and Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:20
  41. Unmet need for family planning among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) is a common cause of the low contraceptive utilization in developing countries, including Ethiopia. To address problems associated w...

    Authors: Desale Bihonegn Asmamaw and Wubshet Debebe Negash
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:13
  42. Even if long term contraceptives are more effective, efficient and tolerable choices, method shifting from long to short term contraceptives continued as a global challenge including Ethiopia. There is limited...

    Authors: Niguse Desalegn, Melaku Kindie Yenit and Yohannes Ayanaw Habitu
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:11
  43. The menstrual cup is a safe, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly menstrual product which is increasing in usage, especially in younger women. The potential risk for concomitant menstrual cup use to in...

    Authors: Nicola Bowman and Annette Thwaites
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:15

    The Correction to this article has been published in Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:23

  44. Existing literature about the psychological side effects of hormonal contraception (HC) is limited. The goal of this study is to better characterize patients’ subjective experiences with HC, its side effects, ...

    Authors: Sarah Martell, Christina Marini, Cathy A. Kondas and Allison B. Deutch
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:9
  45. Unmet need for contraception remains high in Ghana. Reducing the number of women who discontinue their contraceptive use is one way to decrease the number of women with an unmet need. In this study, we investi...

    Authors: Sarah D. Compton, Adom Manu, Ernest Maya, Emmanuel S. K. Morhe and Vanessa K. Dalton
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:5
  46. Antenatal care is critical for women’s and unborn children’s health. In Ethiopia there is still a delay in getting antenatal care visit in the first trimester as recommended by the World Health Organization. T...

    Authors: Eshetu Abera, Jember Azanaw, Tsion Tadesse and Mastewal Endalew
    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2023 8:2