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Table 5 Multivariable analysis for factors associated with contraceptive discontinuation at 3, 6 and 12 months postpartum

From: Predictors of contraceptive discontinuation among postpartum women in Arusha region, Tanzania

  Discontinued
3 months
OR (95% CI)
6 months
OR (95% CI)
12 months
OR (95% CI)
Characteristics
 Number of months since birth to FP use 1.026[0.967,1.088] 1.027[0.965,1.093] 1.001[0.927,1.080]
 ANC visit (4-visits vs. < 4) 0.649 [0.408,1.031]* 0.733[0.453,1.188] 0.974[0.542,1.749]
 Postnatal attendance7days (Yes) 0.825[0.468,1.455] 0.666[0.362,1.222] 0.679[0.310,1.488]
Age years (reference = 16–19)
 20–24 0.358[0.060,2.125] 0.773[0.185,3.236] 2.041[0.224,18.636]
 25–29 0.379[0.062,2.301] 1.053[0.243,4.561] 3.854[0.418,35.509]
 30–34 0.31[0.048,2.012] 0.663[0.140,3.132] 1.937[0.190,19.784]
 35–39 0.239[0.036,1.593] 0.51[0.101,2.581] 1.961[0.185,20.790]
 40–44 0.164[0.019,1.422] 0.356[0.049,2.587] 1.681[0.096,29.540]
Education level (reference = none)
 Primary 0.667[0.237,1.875] 0.728[0.239,2.214] 0.811[0.179,3.672]
 Secondary 0.768[0.260,2.265] 0.689[0.214,2.221] 1.017[0.210,4.928]
 Higher education 0.715[0.190,2.695] 0.505[0.117,2.172] 0.849[0.127,5.677]
Number of living children 0.813[0.628,1.053] 0.824[0.633,1.073] 0.766[0.546,1.075]
Desire to get pregnant 0.782[0.453,1.351] 0.590[0.329,1.058] 0.657[0.303,1.425]
Received FP counselling during their ANC or PNC 1.037[0.650,1.656] 0.936[0.565,1.551] 0.973[0.527,1.797]
Support from the husband/partner for contraceptive use 0.79[0.498,1.255] 0.771[0.478,1.246] 0.725[0.401,1.309]
Wealth index (reference = poorest)
 Poorer 1.012[0.441,2.320] 1.049[0.465,2.367] 1.765[0.710,4.390]
 Medium 1.039[0.539,2.005] 0.891[0.455,1.743] 1.52[0.684,3.378]
 Richer 1.043[0.597,1.820] 0.751[0.422,1.336] 0.591[0.288,1.213]
 Richest 1.149[0.484,2.726] 1.281[0.535,3.062] 1.262[0.448,3.555]
Method discontinued (reference = injectables)
 Implants 0.092[0.049,0.172]*** 0.136[0.069,0.269]*** 0.212[0.097,0.464]***
 Pills 0.538[0.291,0.995]** 0.499[0.254,0.980]** 0.230[0.069,0.767]**
 Condom 0.603[0.225,1.617] 0.799[0.281,2.269] 0.62[0.142,2.712]
 Rhythm 0.386[0.215,0.693]*** 0.617[0.339,1.121] 1.127[0.581,2.186]
 Other 0.595[0.220,1.606] 0.547[0.181,1.656] 1.03[0.241,4.397]
 Cons 13.695[1.607,116.692]** 4.295[0.646,28.575] 0.398[0.020,7.732]
  1. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.05