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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariate analysis for contraceptive discontinuation among reproductive age women in Papua New Guinea, 2016-2018 PGDHS (weighted)

From: Contraceptive discontinuation among women of reproductive age in Papua New Guinea

Variable Contraceptive discontinuation
cOR aOR
Age in 5-year groups
 15–19 1.89 [0.79,4.51] 1.01 [0.39,2.61]
 20–24 3.69*** [1.92,7.11] 2.12* [1.04,4.31]
 25–29 3.81*** [2.03,7.16] 2.30* [1.19,4.47]
 30–34 3.10*** [1.66,5.81] 1.98* [1.03,3.79]
 35–39 2.27* [1.19,4.32] 1.71 [0.89,3.28]
 40–44 1.68 [0.85,3.34] 1.33 [0.66,2.69]
 45–49 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
Marital status
 Living together 1.03 [0.67,1.56] 0.75 [0.47,1.20]
 Married 1.74** [1.24,2.44] 1.1 [0.76,1.60]
 Never married/widowed/divorced/separated 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
Highest educational level
 No education 0.48* [0.26,0.90] 0.62 [0.30,1.28]
 Primary 0.6 [0.33,1.09] 0.76 [0.39,1.47]
 Secondary 0.61 [0.34,1.13] 0.83 [0.43,1.58]
 Higher 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
Residence
 Urban 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Rural 0.81* [0.67,0.98] 0.78* [0.61,0.99]
Occupation
 Not working 0.93 [0.76,1.15]  
 Working 1 [1.00,1.00]  
Wealth index
 Poorest 1 [1.00,1.00]  
 Poorer 1.05 [0.75,1.47]  
 Middle 0.95 [0.67,1.34]  
 Richer 0.93 [0.68,1.28]  
 Richest 0.95 [0.67,1.35]  
Region
 Southern region 1.03 [0.83,1.28] 1.23 [0.95,1.59]
 Highlands region 1.49** [1.15,1.94] 1.71*** [1.28,2.29]
 Momase region 0.70** [0.54,0.91] 0.85 [0.63,1.14]
 Islands region 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
Exposure to family planning messages
 No 0.8 [0.63,1.00]  
 Yes 1 [1.00,1.00]  
Knowledge of family planning
 Poor 1 [1.00,1.00]  
 Good 1.25 [0.99,1.57]  
Information on choice
 No 2.45*** [2.01,2.99] 2.85*** [2.31,3.51]
 Yes 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
Births in the last five years
 None 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 1 1.3 [0.97,1.75] 1.07 [0.77,1.50]
 2 +  2.93*** [2.15,3.99] 2.35*** [1.65,3.35]
Number of living children
 None 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 1 1.3 [0.69,2.46] 1.12 [0.56,2.27]
 2 1.89* [1.02,3.51] 1.11 [0.54,2.28]
 3 1.6 [0.86,3.00] 0.89 [0.43,1.87]
 4 +  1.29 [0.70,2.37] 1.06 [0.50,2.26]
Desire for more children
 Wants within 2 years 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Wants after 2 + years 0.95 [0.59,1.51] 0.86 [0.52,1.43]
 Wants no more children 0.9 [0.59,1.38] 0.96 [0.59,1.58]
 Undecided 0.53** [0.34,0.82] 0.61* [0.37,1.00]
Method
 LARC 0.09*** [0.06,0.13] 0.10*** [0.06,0.15]
 Pills 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Injectables 0.44*** [0.32,0.62] 0.43*** [0.30,0.63]
 Other modern methods including condom 0.16*** [0.11,0.24] 0.22*** [0.15,0.34]
 Traditional method 0.82 [0.59,1.16] 0.9 [0.61,1.33]
 pseudo R-sq   0.197
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; 95% confidence intervals in brackets
  2. cOR Crude odds ratio, aOR Adjusted odds ratio
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001