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  1. Family planning plays a key role in improving the health of the mother and the child. Yet there are still significant levels of demand for family planning that are unmet and these can lead to unintended pregna...

    Authors: Alemu Kebede, Sileshi G. Abaya, Elias Merdassa and Tariku Tesfaye Bekuma

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:21

    Content type: Research

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  2. Existing estimates of contraceptive use in Tanzania rely on cross-sectional or retrospective study designs. This study used a 2-year, retrospective, month-by-month calendar of contraceptive utilization among w...

    Authors: Wende Safari, Mark Urassa, Baltazar Mtenga, John Changalucha, James Beard, Kathryn Church, Basia Zaba and Jim Todd

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:18

    Content type: Research

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  3. Although promoting postabortion family planning is very important and effective strategy to avert unwanted pregnancy, less attention was given to it in Ethiopia. Thus, this study aimed to assess contraceptive ...

    Authors: Anteneh Mekuria, Hordofa Gutema, Habtamu Wondiye and Million Abera

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:19

    Content type: Research

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  4. Postpartum contraception is important for spacing and limiting childbirth. Although the use of modern contraception has been shown to reduce maternal and child morbidities and mortalities, postpartum women hav...

    Authors: Jonathan Ian Coomson and Abubakar Manu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:17

    Content type: Research

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  5. Even though the modern contraceptive use was improved in Ethiopia, the utilization of long-acting family planning services is still low because of numerous factors. The aim of this systematic review was to syn...

    Authors: Tamirat Tesfaye Dasa, Teshager Worku Kassie, Aklilu Abrham Roba, Elias Bekele Wakwoya and Henna Umer Kelel

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:14

    Content type: Review

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  6. Unmet need for modern contraceptive remains a critical reproductive health challenge in Nigeria. Numerous studies in Nigeria and other countries have investigated the patterns, prevalence and associated factor...

    Authors: Bola Lukman Solanke, Funmilola Folasade Oyinlola, Olaoye James Oyeleye and Benjamin Bukky Ilesanmi

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:11

    Content type: Research

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  7. This study was conducted to test the acceptability and utilization of family planning benefits cards (FPBCs) as incentives to increase family planning uptake among youth living in urban slums in Uganda.

    Authors: Afra Nuwasiima, Elly Nuwamanya, Janet U. Babigumira, Robinah Nalwanga, Francis T. Asiimwe and Joseph B. Babigumira

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:10

    Content type: Research

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  8. Long acting and permanent contraceptives methods are more effective, save cost and enable women to control their reproductive lives better. Although the Ethiopian government is promoting its use through variou...

    Authors: Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu, Akinyinka O. Omigbodun, Olumuyiwa A. Roberts and Alemayehu Worku Yalew

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:9

    Content type: Research

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  9. Unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurred when no children were desired or earlier than desired. One in three births in Ethiopia were unintended, which is major contributor to maternal morbidity and mo...

    Authors: Girma Alemayehu Beyene

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:8

    Content type: Research

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  10. An intrauterine device (IUD) is a well-accepted means of reversible contraception. Migration of IUD to the bladder through partial or complete perforation has been rarely reported. This phenomenon could be str...

    Authors: Masnoureh Vahdat, Mansoureh Gorginzadeh, Ashraf Sadat Mousavi, Elaheh Afshari and Mohammad Ali Ghaed

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:7

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Since the approval of medical abortion in Cambodia in 2010, the proportion of women reporting an abortion has increased. We describe the characteristics and contraceptive outcomes of women seeking medical abor...

    Authors: Chris Smith, Rachel H. Scott, Caroline Free and Tansy Edwards

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:5

    Content type: Research

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  12. Birth spacing is the time gaps between two consecutive life births. Optimal spacing until the next pregnancy is the resting period that allows the mother time to recover from pregnancy, and labor. Birth interv...

    Authors: Girma Bacha Ayane, Kalkidan Wondwossen Desta, Birhanu Wondimeneh Demissie, Netsanet Abera Assefa and Emebet Berhane Woldemariam

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:4

    Content type: Research

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  13. With the advancement of antiretroviral therapy and improved life expectancy, women living with HIV/AIDS are enjoying a better sexual life. Yet, the consistent utilization of contraceptive in such patients is h...

    Authors: Amanual Getnet Mersha, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie and Tadesse Melaku Abegaz

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:3

    Content type: Research

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  14. Documentary evidence points to high unmet need for family planning across sub-Saharan Africa. Modern contraceptive use has been staggering over decades with unacceptable marginal increases given that one in th...

    Authors: Joseph K. Wulifan, Jacob Mazalale, Christabel Kambala, William Angko, Job Asante, Stephen Kpinpuo and Albino Kalolo

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:2

    Content type: Research

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  15. Emergency contraception, if used properly, can prevent up to over 95 % of unwanted and mistimed pregnancies. However, a number of obstacle including healthcare providers knowledge, perception, and attitude tow...

    Authors: Shamsudeen Mohammed, Abdul-Malik Abdulai and Osman Abu Iddrisu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2019 4:1

    Content type: Research

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  16. Closely spaced pregnancies within the first year postpartum increases the risk of death for both the mother and baby. Many countries recommend providing pregnant women with post-partum family planning counsell...

    Authors: Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Mesganaw Fanthahun Afework and Alemayehu Worku Yalew

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:28

    Content type: Research

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  17. Federal and clinical guidelines support integration of reproductive life planning in the care of female patients to aid in the reduction of unplanned pregnancies. A multitude of tools have been created to help...

    Authors: Maureen K. Baldwin, Patricia Overcarsh, Ashlesha Patel, Lindsay Zimmerman and Alison Edelman

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:21

    Content type: Commentary

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  18. Ethiopia is a Sub Saharan African country with an estimated contraceptive prevalence rate of 36% and 22% unmet need for family planning service among married women. Client satisfaction influences the use of Fa...

    Authors: Woineshet Asrat, Teferi Mekonnen and Melkamu Bedimo

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:25

    Content type: Research

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  19. Several state Medicaid agencies have recently started reimbursing for long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) placement immediately postpartum. Women’s perspectives are critical for ensuring that this chan...

    Authors: Carla L. DeSisto, Arden Handler, Sadia Haider, Rachel Caskey, Nadine Peacock, Melissa Kottke and Kristin Rankin

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:19

    Content type: Research

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  20. Women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) are at risk for development of both overt Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) at higher rates and at earlier ages than control women. Curr...

    Authors: Neetu K. Sodhi and Anita L. Nelson

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:27

    Content type: Research

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  21. Rwanda has made significant strides in improving the health of its people, including increasing access to and use of family planning. Contraceptive use has increased from 17% to 53% in just one decade, from 20...

    Authors: Hilary M. Schwandt, Seth Feinberg, Akrofi Akotiah, Tong Yuan Douville, Elliot V. Gardner, Claudette Imbabazi, Erin McQuin, Maha Mohamed, Alexis Rugoyera, Diuedonné Musemakweli, Cliff Wes Nichols, Nelly Uwajeneza Nyangezi, Joshua Serrano Arizmendi, Doopashika Welikala, Benjamin Yamuragiye and Liliana Zigo

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:18

    Content type: Research

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  22. Multidrug resistance transporters (MDRs) are transmembrane proteins that efflux metabolites and xenobiotics. They are highly conserved in sequence and function in bacteria and eukaryotes and play important rol...

    Authors: Lynae M Brayboy, Laura O Knapik, Sokunvichet Long, Mollie Westrick and Gary M Wessel

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:26

    Content type: Research

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  23. Postpartum women are at risk for unintended pregnancy. Access to immediate long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) may help decrease this risk, but it is unclear how many providers in the United States rou...

    Authors: Emily C. Holden, Erica Lai, Sara S. Morelli, Donald Alderson, Jay Schulkin, Neko M. Castleberry and Peter G. McGovern

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:23

    Content type: Research

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  24. The postpartum intrauterine contraceptive devices (PPIUCD) is the only family planning method for couples requesting highly effective, reliable, inexpensive, non-hormonal, immediately reversible, and long-acti...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie, Chanyalew Worku, Tesfaye Assefa, Daniel Bogale and Alemu Girma

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:16

    Content type: Research

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  25. In 2013, Malawi began task shifting long acting reversible contraception (LARC) insertion from Nurse Midwife Technicians (NMTs), who undergo 3 years of training, to Community Midwife Assistants (CMAs), who und...

    Authors: Dylane N. Davis, Clara Lemani, Nenani Kamtuwanje, Billy Phiri, Prisca Masepuka, Sally Kuchawo, Nivedita L. Bhushan and Jennifer H. Tang

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:24

    Content type: Research

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  26. Implantable devices offer convenient, long-acting, and reversible contraception. Injury to the peripheral nerves and blood vessels have been reported as rare complications of implantation and extraction.

    Authors: Rachel Lefebvre, Marianne Hom, Hyuma Leland and Milan Stevanovic

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:15

    Content type: Case Report

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  27. Perinatal mortality is unacceptably high in low-income countries, including Malawi. Use of family planning to encourage birth spacing may optimize outcomes for subsequent pregnancies. However, the reproductive...

    Authors: Agatha Bula, Dawn M Kopp, Suzanne Maman, Lameck Chinula, Mercy Tsidya and Jennifer H Tang

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  28. Although Malawi is one of the countries with highest Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) in Sub–Saharan Africa, pregnancies and fertility among young women remain high. This suggests low up take of contracepti...

    Authors: Chrispin Mandiwa, Bernadetta Namondwe, Andrew Makwinja and Collins Zamawe

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  29. Emergency contraception is indicated in instances of unprotected sexual intercourse, including reproductive coercion, sexual assault, and contraceptive failure. It plays a role in averting unintended pregnanci...

    Authors: Kristin O. Haeger, Jacqueline Lamme and Kelly Cleland

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:20

    Content type: Review

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  30. Although most women would want to wait for more than two years before having another baby, their fertility behaviours during the first year following birth may decrease or increase the length of the birth inte...

    Authors: Sebastian Kofi Eliason, Ansumana Sandy Bockarie and Cecilia Eliason

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:13

    Content type: Research

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  31. Family planning (FP) program is a key program to avert unbalanced human population growth, maternal mortality, unintended pregnancy, unsafe abortion, sexually transmitted diseases and malnutrition. To address ...

    Authors: Misganu Endriyas, Tefera Belachew and Berhane Megerssa

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  32. Frequency of sex, contraceptive use and HIV infection are key determinants of fertility. Use of an effective family planning (EFP) method (injectable, oral, intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD), or Norpla...

    Authors: Jim Aizire, Sufia Dadabhai, Frank Taulo, Bonus Makanani, Luis Gadama, Jin Sun, Amy Tsui and Taha E. Taha

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:10

    Content type: Research

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  33. High unmet need for family planning (32.4%) characterized Burundi in 2010. However, there has not been any study examining the relationship between unmet need and associated factors in Burundi. The present stu...

    Authors: Athanase Nzokirishaka and Imose Itua

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:11

    Content type: Research

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  34. Mother-to-Child-Transmission (MTCT) of HIV is still a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. The region has a high unmet need for family planning and high unplanned pregnancy rates among HIV-positive wom...

    Authors: Damian J. Damian, Johnston M. George, Erick Martin, Beatrice Temba and Sia E. Msuya

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:7

    Content type: Research

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  35. The use of implants and Intra-uterine devices (IUD) during the post-partum period is very low in Uganda especially in rural settings. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) are known to be the most cost-...

    Authors: Ronald Anguzu, Hassard Sempeera and Juliet N. Sekandi

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:6

    Content type: Research

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  36. Oral contraceptives (OCs), aside from contraceptive efficacy, have been widely known for their non-contraceptive benefits. Different progestogens component of the OCs have been shown to improve the skin, hair,...

    Authors: Unnop Jaisamrarn and Somsook Santibenchakul

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:5

    Content type: Research

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  37. Multiple factors are linked to extremely high unintended pregnancy rates among women who use opioids, including various barriers to contraception adherence. These include patient level barriers such as lack of...

    Authors: Rebecca L. Fischbein, Bethany G. Lanese, Lynn Falletta, Kelsey Hamilton, Jennifer A. King and Deric R. Kenne

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:4

    Content type: Research

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  38. U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence undermines access to contraception by permitting individuals, institutions, and even corporations to claim religious objections to ensuring contraceptive insurance coverage, th...

    Authors: Aram A. Schvey and Claire Kim

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:2

    Content type: Commentary

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  39. Postpartum period is an important entry point for family planning service provision; however, women in Ethiopia are usually uncertain about the use of family planning methods during this period. Limited studie...

    Authors: Almaz Yirga Gebremedhin, Yigzaw Kebede, Abebaw Addis Gelagay and Yohannes Ayanaw Habitu

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2018 3:1

    Content type: Research

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  40. High total fertility rates in Burkina Faso and Mali are leading to population growth beyond the agricultural and fiscal means of its citizens. Providing access to affordable family planning methods is a key st...

    Authors: Amy O’Regan and Gretchen Thompson

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:26

    Content type: Research

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  41. Research demonstrates removing barriers to access, decreasing costs and offering same-day placement of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) increases contraceptive uptake in young women. For those in co...

    Authors: Jacqueline Lamme, Alison Edelman, Emily Padua and Jeffrey T. Jensen

    Citation: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017 2:25

    Content type: Commentary

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